cXoc c AOAi : @AS @SF dAT@

mpA kn ɰS : T^f c Ae


(cXoc c AOAi : @AS @SF dAT@ — mpA kn ɰS : T^f c Ae Ac@\ @ @Ar c | cqAv ~T mpA ~er @ Av Aha cɮ-j @Ar U )

~T mpA




T Aha

1


a ި ZS AS Tɮ cA@ sZS ~T av gq B^ | c q AS @q ~T cc ASAc @ػ knɩ | B^S ~w s^ ~AT AaUT T @U Arr | AA cɦ^ U T c i r ިq rA oa, ~AT T- TSsw j@r gw Ac | cc @UB sS, S UZS, S J @a cq U@BS ~ | ~T A@ J A^@ OS | jq@T T, il j@ @U av cq ZU Ai rc W B c^ wU | ~AT WvS A@aq ~SocS S @ c^ B ~rr WW @ UwUT -- @ش cUU S ~T T-@ AS g R @f @a ! rK s^ ި wA wU B ZU U - ~T cS @ ަU g | RT ! AZ j@v cJ T Z gfKH UU C TSK chO T @U @a | SA@ ~T gq !

jq gqAv j T @U @ ASAaU cU Zc Ac^ co @AaUT ZS, jZS TS @A, gAwF T- @U @ ~T@ AcOF @AaU, q ~A ~@Am@gc, ~QA@ ~˻, cc @iU c sw Wv wU ~T | q ɩ @ ~T rc Bw U cc j@@ Zv U A@ @S | av Zv WJKWAK AAS ~Acy @US j@Av a aJq-aJq ^ cAU@ ~^-@MkUf TS BAvU Bwl ~ cAU@ ~Acy @U cc@ | ~T aca B^AS av cAUr ASO cc JB ZUS j@Av O@Uv R dAT@ AS UZ J T @Ac AT- n - dAT@| ~AT BS vSvS Acrɮ @UT AT @ | @Acv cc UZ, A@ا @f ! A-T j cc@ cU waS, cc AUZ ASaS | cXoc c av UZ cc j@Av a SA@ Z ~T | T :Z, BU @ Ta, s OR q, A w\ - ASB av T@ ~@ml ~^ A^oF ~Acy @ jc ~oH w\ nTw AUZaS ZS | A-T AAB @Ac q OAv | sAR dAT ~AOq BS AwAaU ccq UZS c @Ac - UF TpF WAv AA c cU Aa ("R cc, R cc/ AA cUU ~T c,/ q jvR BASS/ ASB ްF cAS/ cc gUS AS/ Sq AF AT |"-- dAT n - cc@ @Ac T @Av UqS) | J ASBq T@ ~Acy @ - j@ AcrBSfS av T@ ~Acy @AaUS AAS, s J pArfU TS@ Sɦ AAaU wgfgc | neZF 69-j AUZaS "~T il ZU U s ~wTf 9q BSA aANcr ca kH c - jv s gcAa ~c@ Uwa - q IJ@ئ-OU, ަ-S OR, ZU-T @ dAT, s@ gU @ O T-cc ~S@ w\ @Ac AUZAaUS, R sA jZS aANcr ca cݮ U ~T ASB c fTɮeZF Sq ! ~O TS eWA@ OfS cU TS ha S ASB@, sAR TSq c s dAT A-T nAcAST T @Ac ~ AUZ A S ~B@U, c av j@BS dAT @a@Aa S @U R-@T @Ac @-q c AUZ | ... " cAU@ dAT cc s cAe q T PA , ~T gwF @SAS ArAU AS | rfA@ kL @Aa sZS ~^ AOAin ~ pb a c^S - J rfA@ ~SAmAR ~ ~Sgc @A J ~AmL c^Sq ~AT ~TpF cJo |








2


ZSR ~T i@بT cJO (cc AAT mHU Ae), AsAS cc@ ިn c @AaUS | jq ^S B^ A Aw mHU j@Tn ^S, J Kɦrf @SF AcS@بTf ~@UTpF | r q q W VFv j@Av i@بT @S, c j@Av @d@B @ U AaU J | c SɩAS, ~ɻl ~T AA ATAT, J r av @q ( ~T B^ -R mSOF AaU ~Tq T), ~ ~SF W BSU o U WJK cc-T Ac Bɦ Zv ~Uɰ @ j@Av ~AT ~ cc, A@a k ~SFAv T ~ | TAoFZS cc UZ vAcU | W Av rm AaU, ~T cAU@ OZ @ | avaAv ZU BSF ~ɰr | ~T BSF cc @UB @ AS ~ɮ O@ A W UU TI ~QAO wMc @fA A g UT ~AT | ZS ~ ScBɩ@ mU gA @ @بcFcm AaU S -- Prrc @v ~S^, mofS | ZUoU J@ J@ T-cc @S T ~QAO @A AS, ZSR fA AaU ca O-JO U ZA | AZAr, cHAO, Bi, Z@بTAS a @im AaU ~T; i@بT IAU, vSvAS cq-j w\ Bc SR pA S; cJoS swf^S @ QH c@ BA WAa - aAcU jZS OZ Uw |

mpA ~a cc ~S@ ɩ s^ AUZS | vcU UF r Av cq A ~U ~ɦU @ ASS - s ~T WT cFWɩ S | cc j r rcS jq ~Q ~AT ~S@QH Bw @ةT, v@v@ @ cU cc TSsw O @̩T, cF˻ WAT ަ۩T | @ةAS AS:rN ToF il Bw i ZAa cc wgf T AUZaS - ~^@ W j@ v@ ~U XgA J ^ TZ | ~^ UZ QT J BA q S |

~T BST cc sZS UZS ZS J@ Ac̽ @ Ai@ @B S | ~AT s j Ĩ AaUT, c J TSsw @ZS ~N c B @AAS, o j@v vAcU r JA @f AUZa cc ~c ~ @ة AUZc T mAo r @Aa | @ZS c J vAcU U @a c SSAco rAS@ ABɮ A J@ @@S cFp @ O @Aa | cc TSsw dAT SSAco aU@U cp sAS | BU @ Ta ST j@ ~ScF av w\ SAcXo @ wa dAT cc @@S | dAT ~ cc rɫ A˩ kH Uw UZ jq w\Av ~T @ػ j@Av ~A ^ aAc | ~AT r @ av dAT cc @ػ m cF @ c S, s m:q mk j w\ jce dAT BSF UZ @AcAU |

ɩ ި ~T@ T mU gA @ U - rS | A@ا mU ~T OZ AcK, ަrS @ Tv gU Uw S, A@aq mU s OqT S | cc-T cU eWɩ coU AS | J ~T@ j@v mgAc@ rpU cJo OqaS, ~ ~AT A@aq rpU TSc S - q AS F sXoAcw | cA ~T fA ~gc Sq, q ~co mofS - @ O mU s ? ~T VFv av U @f c - ASU, ɩU, AJA, aS iS, TS بvɩ - c ATAU ZU Bw ~gc Sq | ~AT cS Wɦ T av c Oq, ɦ c^Ψ ZU c Oq - mU cɰ o | T-cc c@بAS A ^ | T-UQf AS-cq-TZ-wJB c T A@aq ަ-S-OR ~A-~coF OT-Ĩ av T@ AS SBU cc-T j@ j@ AUZ OUaS j@Av BA ~STSf av T w\ - :Z, ~S^, @MkU, AA Ae-AsAw, jce crK FBS@gc UQf T Ri | ~crF UQf R Tnq w\ T-cc TSZ s | w\ dAT OAnAXo BS @S ~ɮU dAT @SASq cIAS |

cc J ASB @B j cFm @S s J @a c@بAS Zc mpA TS Sq, T-q SSgc ~T@ ~S O @S | J ~SF Av gU jce UQf ^S US ~AT s j@c U jv cc cU co AAS gU @SAS ("AA T gU S" ~c "FZ , @ UQf"), @H ~T av TS v TS JAAaU T R ~T O cAr gUcS | q @ ~BR TS cXoTkU | cA Acް cIUq ~AT T Z BF ASU UɩT | vS@@ (@Ac ~AB ) Ac @S ZS | @A@T gU gU, ɰ-rߨ-vv ~a, ITR (rcf ) v@v@ @ ~T aS aS W - AAcF BTBTv T @v cA; @ش ަ c cU S, OU ~JO cU S, c@ S, AA- US @ S |

j@T T cc J A@ SFɮ AA AUZAaUS | ~T A@rf AA q ~vr ɩ SFɮ ި @A @AaU | jv s j@v AcrU A@a PA ha cI ~AT cc @a @dH ~cS ZAaUT "~ c cq" S AUZ ("~AT s c @ZSq cq ަ c S") -- ~T @dH ~cS cc J mgcAO hOA W AvAaUS | WvS AcA@ ɮF g mf mS @ ASU | ~ q dAT AA c c R pA S jZS |

@S @H j@c vFT mvq@ AaU ZS | vFTUqS ToF@ W BAT Z Z cB iAaU - ~T@ ~ AA@ AS cc ZS JvS | ZS@ ɮAcf jFAgAS co @U@ɩ cO ^ c m AaU | c c wa g A@ OR بv, Ao@ OR @U AO c m s A FkK o , ~ TIZS cB W ToF I@I@ AU TZf vFT | @TS @ o TSK O jce @A ~swF ɮAcf jFAgAS-q o S, @U@ɩ sMcS A j@ @@ػvwwm TTKk cpXo AH U Z TSv @ |

oH T ~T JvT A^mS @ػ cJ@ Aw ɮAcf T^U m, An@H @ػ s^ | m Tm j@v cvwa r@ ~SF wa r@ئ BBA @ Ai@ sS Arcwɻ ATAU ~@ PA @AaU | ~T B JA ZT @pA q gms | j@AS ZUT @ sS ZS j@v AnrkU wJ wa | wa AJ ~ ASO بU-cUɩ ަ A AS | An@H @ػ r بv AaU -R c@بU wa | ~AT ~ AA I c@بU @بA cc dTU cJo ZT, cA A T-@ c - T w^ gUcS |

Jv Jv cc TZ TZ ~ @S ~T@, AA@ oH S c AF i AS, A@ا avcU ASAT cA @SAS ~T mU ަ @SAS AAS, ~c T | J BfcSsn v co cR AaU S | cc T AS @UB (jZS ^S) ަS, ~AcT UZ O, jce sZS-ZS U@ ~ɮ c | T- ~a e, ~Lf-mBS, @A@T ި ~ɦ R AcrT, ^F BSTwT, ~AF AL, J@ J@ ZS AUZR d @aS AAS | AA, ~AT, jTS A@ cf T - mU ަ ~T @ش-q @ZS @pAL Z AAS | qeAAB cɰAT an cXoc c ^S R ~T AaUT qeAAB @JO, A ~ cU | Ai@ BAS S TɻU j@rS@ @ةZAS dL AAaUS ~T cc-T - @S c SAS - jZS aS A@ TS ~T chO mU ަS d S q ~T s sw jce Xw-l@i AaU, @Svq ~T Prrc AZAS | ɩUR S, UR S | cc, vS@@ jce b@ J c^Ψwɤf @Uq UZަ mgAc@gc Tocf AaUS cU chO mU Aiq J ASAEO^ AaUS | AF cU, ~T @شq mU fQ @ZS gU U @ AAS | ~AT S ަ ~ASha@, ~coF, Ĩ AaUT, A@ا ~T r^Ar AA c gq Ar@ئ j @JO AaU @S @S R s S | @UB MJa ~T ASBSq ~crF ASB S Q @ T gU an AaUT | c@UT AcR SQ AaU | ZS ~T TvTAv mofS, ASB UZަ AL ASBq AS ArZAa, gU U @ dL cI ArZAa |






3


cAv av AaU cUq cAAcr cFAw ev ASAcgc BA AaU | av-c, ~Lf-c^Ψ, @r@-UZ@, g-i@, Frf-@Ac - s-q ~ɮ@, ~T cq@q ZAa, BSAa | jJ ToF ~S@q nT ~T BfcS ~er iAaUS | cc AS @UB @B qm c AS UZS, ~ AS U@ ~ | ~T 202-j q W VFv m\ A̮, ~S@ cq jce AcAco ~w@ AS BA-TA c Aha - ~QA@ ~˻ j@ ZU cA | T cUS Ԯ cA j@ W, cqcA ~^ - j@c s˻ jq AccH | @بUF Av W B c^ @ AaU S - fQ ަ @ ~T @ZS AJA, @ZS ^W, ~r AS |

q ToF @ةA@aq s Wv sha q av VFvAv ZS cAIAS, jZS gcU ~c@ Uw | @Ts s@ cU ! @AcgcS @rS ZS BTBTv AS | ~w cc ~S@vq Tcf Fw OUS @rS - oS T@UfS @Ac @Ar R AA c FvػT Ac PA @AaUS @AcgcS | c @AaUS j@ ݮ j@Av AAB - KU ݮ (O ~S) KUAv @Ac | j@ Tɻ q OAv cq AAB j@ j@ @r AaUS AcG , BfcSS^, ~AT Oncf, cXoc c, T S, gK TZoF, fSr ɮ, ɰ ATn, ~r@AcB jce ~ ~S@ | jaɦ 1935-j AA @Ac R @Ac c lAw o @Ac T An@ @Ac ~aq | cɰAT q An@q s ceUr AUvU TFwABS oH BS@ @ ~B@ ~eZF @بO An@OU@ BSS c TSS A@S @ BS !

jq ToF T il w\ AUZ d @US | cc l of^S AO An@ AiAaUS J T avw\ Tocf BSF | FZFɩ R cc A@rS @r B ZU A ASBq d @US ~c j@ SS oS An@ - cAK@f PcrZf | T-@q ɰ@-@r@ @ d U avw\ AAB - j@ ݮ j@Av AAB ~S OAv cq j@Av av w\ | q AAB BrZ c, ~^re@ , cXoc c T AA UZ@ UZ aɦR @Ar AaU kHrrf cf, ~Sk cf, ިy c gpA TAU UZ@ w\ | cAAaU ɦ U T A@a rf w\ ~Scɰ | nTr @AcgcS @ s w\ SFɮ @r IJ@ Z wU oS @H UZ@ Ac Ag c@ A @ | s FT AAaUS T@UfS @Ac A, ASB mf- ToF w\ UZ OTl@ ɩ ~Acy @ cc TSq l J UZ @r @ UwUS | T- T A@ c cq-q @Ar @AcgcS @ | cTf An@ ocA@ cU TS Tk | AcT TZoF sL PA F-AA @rW SgS q cq a cAHABF@ ɬUF R T SgS UQf Ac A US | AST U TS Tk| rAn@ UZ ~T^H US | Ag c@ AA @ @ةcF ɰS @ cc @AcgcS cq @r A@v c ~UQF c^ @ AUS |

AF cU, of of c @\q c^ @AaUS j@q @H | AwSv j @Ac S mf@pA AU | cXoc c sJ BSF UaS, @aS, @rS OU Aw cc ZaS ~A˻@ e@v - cq@ AA Z ~ɰr BS@ T JS AAS | OUAaU o @Ac An@ - W ~gc-~SvS ToFR | w iAaU j@ Tl AS - j@ Acm@ cvcpQ, ~oAS@ ceU @Ac qA mS c swF @U @Ac sZS ~r aS | cf^S @ d @ rA-SfU-~U@̵S-AcS-Hc^ j TUS AAS | ~@ml, An@ JAOr ca pf eZF c^ @ AUS @Ac | AS:rN | TSF Acv@بR ASUS S |

ZS sɰcި USTkU@ AF Acgw A c T ~AcA AhaU J, ASB UZR A^ AaUS S | s hOwT An@@ cJoAaUS, q vR ZJB AhaUS S co | dH ASBm gK a, jZS SS Ar o BSF kH m䨩, TS AaU J | @S Ql@ cUAaUS, "...~AT ASBq An@ AOUS ^ AaUT ; ASB BSF ASB UZ BSF ~R cAr T OAhaUT | An@ ɰS sMcS @B | sMcS A j S @q AO |..." AFq @ش cIAS, jTS A@ ~TR S, s @Ac An@ j@cq c^ wU | ~˻ ~gc c Tq @r ~ASAT a, s eZF cAa (rK eZF - Ԯof^S mpAeZFAvR -q), BSFR @ش-q @\S @AS caAv rK @cS S AAS | ~T TS cc ASBR A@A\ީ gc ToF T AXo^ SSAS, ^Fɮf wpFw T J BfcS cO A cmAv TɩFw @AaUS ~@Am@ AXo^ |

c^Ψ of^S AcwcSR j aS @B @AaU A@ ?

4


^ Prrc ~ɮq AA ް T ~T@ r-jw caq rA oA AAaUS | ~T@ @xvU @ jv J Tmv mv@ | j c@cA@, w\ UZUAZ s AS, j@ rAq Tk AXo @U | cA j@ UT cU AU ~T BfcS | ~T av OU ~v@ wU | rA s sc@ TSsw ~@KHR cm vR BS coF AaUT av cq, AcAco ɦ aU MALF | cc Ai@ @fgc T jq cAU@ cq c sRv ZAaUS BAS S, c AAS c T cUS Tq W rg |

cc UZ @A @ @ d @ @Ac An@ scf @B AAq @ | ~AT rA o ~T@R A@a-A@a B @B R | TS ~a cc ~T@ ԩAT cUS, AA@ ԩq | jq PcKTF AcdXo c Acɰ BS cc cUAaUS, AT sZS AA T c c T@R ԩq cUc | ~AT rA ~gFm AFq AAS ~T@ ԩq cU d @S | jq TSmLLv ~AT gU cAIAS, A@ا ASB chO QnR ~AT ~OSgc jq q JvAaUT |

cc-T BSq Sv@ gUcɮS, ASBR Sv@ @aS ~T av @ | cf^S Ar @AaUS, fAT P-PO @ rfT T @ AaU cc @U R SF SvF TTU | ~ Sv@ UZ A@\S AaU J - TTU- cqr ca s m @ c - jce ASB q @SFq J c Sv@ SA@ c - TSq gcS | cf T ~T q cSq ~S@ Sv@ @Aa, A@ا cc m kH @ AAS |

~T cݮ sZS r, cA ~c j@v Sv@ R cqU | ~T cA aS iS T cJo STS U UQf fQ | jc T AOU@ gkAT@, sAR SF Avɮ mvAR ~v Av, ~T Ac ~er, MS Sq TkU OU@ AaUS | TS ~a ~U@ BSF AAS AS jAaUS sc@ ޮ S@, cf@U AsAS ~U AS Acc ~ScS | ~ Sv@ c IUTU S@U wSwJAv jAaU AS Avɮ mvAR g @ | ~T S ca AA QfA gkAT@ ~ScF ~AgS @ @ UAw AAaU | gAwF ASAv av T v AaU (A@AS-AcAS-@Ar), ~T @U q j@Av BvAaU |

cA iS ~AgS ZA UR ~AOq ~T fH AaUT ~S@ c Bw | TBA S ~SA cʮempA US @ @ jU ~T - @f BS ! ~T @AaUT cf^S wpcr | rS w@ AO^ OoF S@ AaUS (Tv Ai@ AS cFv - S@ cO TpFsnf R rsFrf - AO^ ~A @ AO AaU) | cm Acoc TAq Sv@ TkU SA@ - @AaU ~T aJq-aJq AA | c MJaS ~AT ~m S@ m\v cFv cM - TAS | j@ o ~T ~LAcrɮ iU |

j SF j U-j c Tm @ U rKQ | MJa ~AT UT Q^TAS, ~ɻl c cM ! @@ (MS S) jq cUAZUF T- R wTw cUAaUS, sc oFT | ~AT j ToF Sq | A@ا T ASAc@, ~jc @@ T TA W | -cq jq ɦ@rS j U AaU, j re AaU s T Am @US jc TɻU U wcS | wUS, jce ST AUS @AcgcS SvF AK | T-cc BS ATU cf^S ԰AU w\ SvF AUS -oS Sf OAn Av - ~crFq q @SF @ T Z jq w\ ca | ~AT ~ATS (AA^), AA BAUZ | :Z AcK, @AcgcS SvF AK cFS STS jq T ɦ@rSAv AcK r An@ j@ TTAc@ SwAvg AAgݨ cS B^Tkq TpF U AK | cFAwgc ~T jce ~T TT AK T ~AgS Zc re @ AaU cv, A@ا v ^S AaU S |

j ~AT ~ AA ~ ~S@ Sv@ @Aa | sɰcި b@ @UB Sv@ j@OAv SA@ v cJo AaU ~T | v S̨-B^ ~TU - ~U qA qݨ AmvgU AA\U U@v w^ | Axv cA oST^f AmA ~TA^ ananf | j@ TT @@ZS | jc cF ~T ~er SR @ZS ~A @SAS cc-T | A@ا ~SF @S SvFem sw R, ~c AST ~AgS @ cF J AaUS fAT @ QHrfU | Bɩf mc ~ɮTnq lQHl ZAB @aS | AA ~ ~AT BSq j cF ggwf | T-cc R ZS @S @ S cUUR Ac, AA av @ gZ-̩UR @AaU j@c | Sv@ c ~AgS TkU S wU s Ag cF˻ v ~AT cIAaUT |

~T :Z, cc J Sv@ ~oH ɦ@rSAU j@AvR Z s SAS | AvS w OU@ AUU mf R AHf- T sc @ AaU, v@ب s^ AS | ~ ~T BfcS @UB aɦ Sv@ a ~S@ k AwAaU nTr | j@ A@kU Acr BfcSSvF @AiS cc Z-Z T Sv@ @ mpAv@بR Ta AwAaU TS @ |








5


~AT sZS @AcgcS c AhaUT, Ac cO WAS AaUS cXoc c-g OAv sc@ - Sr , ~dH @, ~r@ ATn jce ASdT OoF | cc@ @^ @q jJ p@ p@ j@ j@ jAaUS 202-j, ZSq J fW c^Ψ knɩ | ~T jJ ~T Acg cUq BST | Sr cc an AaUS AS @UB, @Ac AUZS, ASAT ~ɮS ~T cA | nTr AAS cc Tm ASg RiS | AAS AaUS ˻ cXoc c ިncl ArKF, cc J @ػ wgf̩ ~^B R s J@ UZ c.c. AOAin ToF A | -c AOAinR @r ~Q | Sr@ cc AA@ ަS AL AAaUS | AA ަa, ~jc ~ATR ަc - ZS ~T ca JO-a cݮ - mUR gA qAS | q Tq Sr ~T B^AS dAT qha jce dAT-@ - jq Av ~EOs @Ac AUZ cq@ OT@ AAaUS | Av @Acq @Ac- a | cf@U dAT qha j@ A@ @Ac sɻ Ri | cc cFAw BfcS Sr Bw ~S ^S O @T AaU S | Sr mf AOSA sZS ~T ToF j ATr wUS, J@ cc-T J T ިncok, jce RJ @SF TAH@ T SɩAS Ac ZaS |

AcA@gc ~A AS@v iAaUS ASdT OoF - AsAS an ~cm cc UZ wU ~B ~oH AOAi AUZ cc@ To @AaUS | AOAi UZv J cq ަ Tq Sr AaU | cf@U T-@R ~Sc̩ AOAi AUZS, cUF-c ~AT-R J c AOAi Aa | ~ɮU AOAi ToF Aq AAS AF OS @S | j@v T cc J@ ~T@ ަc g S | ~Ao@er T ~T@ @Ac UZ jce @Ac ~Sc T R@ػ AS AAS | ~T cݮ ZS r-jw | ASdT cqr | @U@ɩ AcrAcFU qeAAB jT. j. ަaS | j cc Tc ~TA@ wU (1953) ASdT ~T 202-j ~S@AS AaUS | Tcm ~cQ|H-if dAc @ Acc @ AS ASdT T ~A UU ~T T-q T @ةcF @ dAcA@ ~rfcɻ @S, jce ASdT Ac ~T cA @q |

~dH @ jce ~r@ ATn @ZS ~T cA j jJ s S ~T TS Sq, c jJR ~T wgf gUcɮ c^S ~cXo AaUS | ~^ av-~AT TSq ~Sgc @̩T | ~dH @ H To AaUT, ~r@ ATn ~EOs To R mpArA | jJ c Ac ~AT Kɦrf | @Ac AUZT OA OA, ަ۩T O | ~dH @ ~BR ~T A @Ac | j@AS J WAS c^Ψ ^K woF ~dH @ ~Tq BSF UZ j@Av @Ac AiAaUS | @AcAv A wa cU :Z | J ~T OU sR ~BR TS AS A S |

@AcgcS ~SAS jTS @Ac @Tq AaUS ZS | ~dH @ B^ ~S@ @Acq ~ɮS - ~dH gOs, Sf^S Oncf @ TS ަa | ~T ZS rFTU qSvU@OU O dH g - TS ~a SfS@ Z To AaUT | cf T f@, SfU, ~U@̵S, rA, ް, Hc^ qFA ~T B^ dH @Ac cc c TS TS ~ɦ Aa, @ػ @a - ~cRv ZS ~T cq B wa | cc r AaU ~AAT | dH cc gU Uw, dH J ~ɦ A gUcɮ Ao@ | @AcgcS ASTU ~ɦ, AF-@A^@ AB @ػAc@ػ, @ @ O ~ Awv oJ, q ToF TI-TI cc W-vS hOA@ة A - @ OU wU c AS ?



6


1955-56 U | OAA@ Ac oT wU il | Ac A OAv sc@ - Sr, ~dH, ~r@, ASdT - j@ j@ Ac @US | cA T Ac U ɰ (~AB c ިn), AA | 1956- T T AA Ac sc ~T cA Zcq ZAU s sA S R c BFAq ~T Acg i F eZFcoS @ | T cc ~FAmvxv Ac ~ATq cU, @Ac An@ j@Tn @AS | cc gcq A@S BAS S, ~AT A@ا av @q @Ac AUZT | cc BSS v, jce TI-TIq ~T@ ^ ST AS cJoq @Ac Zɩ A@S AS | R@T Zɩ cc ASB @Ac UZ BSF cFc @S | @Ac- j@v @Ac a @, j ~T wS Y-cɮS AaU s @SASq kH AS | ɩ-~v ca c @Ac AUZUq Uɬ Uɬ cc@ Z avT, A@ا c rK s^ @S @Acq @Ac ɰ@ ic @ i AAS |

1956-q ~AT mU qSU r @ sɰcި vA ~v gA q, sɰcި qAASAe @UB AcrAcFU Ac caq ~L@r @, cc USTkU@ AF Acgw Aɩ-oS (founder-head) Ac sw S | ~ ~AT sɰcި AcrAcFU T anf Ac v AnH S @a A UA ~ZF c MgwFUg @A | jZS Acrɮ @ ~c c j@r aU ToF ~AT j@Tn T AaUT !

mU wA a @UB - j@ ~SmA mofS SS Bwl | ~T BfcS ZS T U-ިU - j@ A r@, @ A j @, j@q SA@ BSF ASBS f, ~ATR SS dH TSsw j@o Ac^ R wMcA^ | ~ɮU ~T @Uq gUcɮ gUcɮq ~ha^ ZS, TSKAv UQF Tn | sc@scf Ag-g ~T 202 sS T | cA@a Sfc ~cBg @S cc, cUS S A@aq | j@AS o AJA, cA O @^@Av Z Ac̽ cUAaUS, j A@ rlO^ Sv@ ha |

sMcS oT Acq jc Z J UZ@ TS, J j@Ao@ SF, AcrK @ Ac^ Acm, jq c sc@scf Z s | oHgc QHrfU c BBTxvU AaUS S j@cq | ~O jq ccq @S @S T @i OfS^f T cFc @aS |

~AT ZS Ac. j. A - ca ~i cݮ | sɰcި ~T BTɻS خ v \ cA c j j@Av OTl@ O@A mc AUS | BTɻS @SFUv UqcA TU c | ^F Wxv AS@ @B, TqS Or v@ !! ZS AcrU TqS v, ~AT BS vSvS | A@ا cc AwAaUS AAUAS, ~T AaU B | v \@ cUUT, cc jUq J @ cU BAS c | cc s j cF ~A @ S, ~T @\S AaU S, A@ا U q ~@\Sf WvSq | cc SO SO Aw sq S cc@ O@A @ cU, ~T c AcK TSm cc il j@c Ov ~S | ~T@ mA @ A @SFUv O@A AcdXo gv w @US AAS - J T AUAmv@ TZ @SFUv O@A @ sR @ZSq OUc S | @S s @SFUv O@A @ wU AUAmv@ Uw c (ZS ~T @ش @ZS AUAmv@ Uwq S, vFU@T ɴ aɦ @S BɰcF OZ AZAS |) v cowTF AS, cAIAS cc yT R ~A @H | c J aUT Qn AcAg^ T AcAg^ ~SFsF ~A AAS @aS | AA O qha LLR @ q@UAB ަ SAS | cc qe-j O@A cS AaU - vR ̰ | ~T@, AA@, AST jce w Av ~AgS @ SAS, sAR AAS jce T Sv@ A dH ~wf AaUS, ~ RJ lq ~T ~AgS H AaU | jZS gc gc TS ~ɮU UZަ jce AF AS aɦ ~SF @R ~T s A OSAS AAS | jAASAe @UB aU ~T c^Ψ AaU cU T gcS AaUS a @ɴ@ ~AT TSSf @ cA ! ~AT jFɦATASmvAvg @B A ~wf AaUT, AF A-jO. A @ ~oF@ c Ac^Tn cɮS AaU S ~T - c rK s^ gwF A, ަ-~ASha@, ަ-~ASha@, ~T@q Ac T A-jO. A. c wMcoH @ U, ~oF@ U | vR cc ~w Bq | avcU ~AT TU AaUT cv, c T-cc qha AcdXoOH @ AAS @ZS | ~AT A-jO. A. rK @ cc ZAr AaUS Zc - @SF jAOgTxv p, A@ا @ZSq @A@ TUSAS | J @a AcFA f@ AAwAU TkUF O@A vT AaU S - AcFBSq AaU rK TkUF | c ~T BfcS ~A @AiS T jq AAwAv Zc @B UwAaU, AcrAcFU j@Av gU O@A ASB swF T JO @ cJO AcrK sF @AaU | @AB A-jO. A. @ ZS oSFcɰ AAaUT, TS TS @pک BASAaUT cc@ - ~T R O pA @ @Bv rK @AAaUS cU | AAS ZS ~ ~T ToF Sq |

sɰcި a-ca ~T BfcS j@ cAHU ~oF | KU ca ^m A@rf @ cqr ca AH dHf AaUT ZS | @UB BfcS AcS cq, ~T Zc cAr AaU | mU c^ ZJO coFco@ة ~AT rK AS s^R gw @AAS | TS A ަrS @ qhaR A AS @ZS | sɰcި gA j@ ~SF Bwl ZU wU ~T TS | @f ަc q mofS sTS gwF, sɰcި ZU @Fɲ BfcSR TS Tɡ@ | R v (: AnH S)-ABmv (cfO^ cTA\U@) @ d @ AAv ~oF@ TSsw, r, TS^ anBfcS @AvAaUT ~T - sɰcި T ca Av@ ananf | q T cIAaUT jZS ަS gU U @ S U cSr | c SB ~Aa cXoc c T Ac | mU BfcS jq AO g cS @ AS @ZS | jZS cc @TmS s sɰcި AcrAcFU, S @ OS ZUq J @S Zc MJa | ~jc ަS TS R aɦ AaU S | AF cU USTkU@ AF c iq gwF AF, R ~aS mq sF ^Z ~oH c TmvTrq, c^Ψ BfcS-Bɦ, ~eZF sc@ TSsw - @UB sc O Z ~ @f ? j fQ T ~ɮ ~Aco AS |

TS ~a, Tn qr ca c ~TF S@ ~˻SfA Acgw oS @ AS j AnH S @U@ɩ @JA AAaUS | ~ T c orf | ~AT ~TF@ ~S@ ~w @q AOST | AA sZS AA^ @UB ~T cA ASAT ~ɮ ~TF, TpHU, BFA | ~AT AA A@rf cS Ac gUq ɫ ީT @a | c ~TF sZS ScAO sɰcި jUS J@ j@v SS OZ S Z AaU S | if U U ~ATR AS UUT q@SAT | ~˻SfA T oJv AcK ~AT BfcS AZAS, r @AaUT @f gc ~TFq cU cS | sAR T ~LOS ~oF@ ~TF kcAO @S UQH ZSAS | jTS A@ cc ~ ~ATR cq ASް kL cB Z OUT | j@AS ~T@ ԰T^f, j AcK T @f T ? ABw @ cc ~T@ gS@ Acc @AaUS |

cc ZS ~S@ cAr cFp @S J jT. j. T cFO an AS | ScSf (cS), ~AT (c), TSc^ (c^FoF), Hc^ (r), dH (ATn), jce rFTU (woF) - j ASq cc QH T ~aS | j @Uq @TcAr ~T cA TSK - ~T AcrU c^Ψ ScSf | c Tq ~T cA Amϩ | Hc^ c^Ψ AaU ~T ca cݮ @q | ASU ~ɮ rߨ @UB c^Ψ Ac | cc ZS Tc TA@ػS r AwAaUS | AAS A jU Hc^@ @Ac Ac AO @ cc @a AS sq ~AT, ަ Aq @Ac | @Ac- @Ar Hc^ T @Ac g ~i wS ~crF cc ~SAmA T TSSf @S |

ScSf @AcR ~ATq T cc @a AS jAaUT @Ac- @r ~AB | ~w AS ~AT ScSf cA AaUT, cpA ަAaU, ɩ Bw ScSf @Ac SAaUT | ScSf @ػ ZS JA Sq ~ - c q ASU mpA gU S | TSc, ~AT WAS A AS | rFTU j@v k-k @UR cA ~ɮS WS-WSq | ~ dH ATn - ScSf @UFH J@ dH @@cc s U | AAS c j@v c AaUS, w^fcɰf AaUS, Z oA-ɵAc S - ~jc AAS @@cc ! cc jce USTkU@ AF TS Z jJ cq jZS mSToSF |

A@ا sZS @ AAS sɰcި jq SS jF@AT@ AAAS d @AaUS, ZS @q cU rn TZTAZ AaU cXoc c@ | g̩cK kH SS jq AFi o@ AA @ J@ s Uq @ AaU | ~T RR Ac cKH @T AS | A@ا AcgwAv ~ cXo AaU - TcF, TTSm | AQ ~crF BS AO AaU ~SF rASQ @ cXoc c@ T s S, J Td gC s S, J @T@fA qAɮ Uv @ s S | AAS s Acrɮ @S, @q aS | o ASAQ Se rAU fS QF cS @ aA s jA@-RA@ |



(AXf Aha)


cɮ 37; BSA 22, 2006

Send us your feedback




© 2006, Parabaas, Inc.