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cXoc c @cFSvFAU ަ ަ j@cR TS AS s jAU J jcl OAO @Ac ~-j@ oS | j-Sv@AU Sv@ jce cUq c Sv@q wATT @H | jq T @U A^A @S BfcS AAS ca SSAS | ca ASaS Tg̩ @A˩ @@Av BfcS J AO @cFSvF | @Ac Bw ~Agک @ jq OSAU ~SFk AS | ~SFk a SvF ~Agک @q | AAv Sv@ rN, WvS Tcr jce T aS j @Ac | jqc H ASq @cUTn ~Ue@A@ @H RiAS @U^F, T ˻, ~Sɲf ~S R ԮenA^ - j@ oS TA mɰR ~T | Sv@ ToF @Ac A@a TUTrU esw H ~T A@a Sv@ TI ToF ATU s - A@ا cXoc c ~A^ co Sv@@q @Ac @ U, @@ sTS cUAaUS |

jq OAv @cFSv@ AcKcm Tg̩ @ ~A̩ @ ~T ~wR cUAa | Tg @ASf ~S@ kcf | c jAUv-j Tɦɻ qS A @FA˦U-j kcf ZFS AUZ sTS TS AaU - ԮOdrfAU @@BS Tn U@q o j Sv@ Z ~ɮc - jTS @ cXoc gcS AS | Tg @ASf jq ~T r AAO s cq@ AS q AAO Bw Jv s | AS@v AAO Bwl S @ Ai@ - A@ا j-@ASf Bw cq@ AS OU s | @Ac jce Sv@ ATUSAc^R ZJB SR s | @S-S cXoc c @a, "Tg̩ @S kcf ok mAc ZFS S, ~cTS TScBfcS ToF cTS |" (Tg̩ @, TZc^, p. 8)| AwArO^, Qfɰɰ, cf^S Tg @ASf AS Sv@ jce SvF@cF AUZaS | cf^S ~TSF AmA TSF @UR jce PS@vF ~Sgc @UR co @A ~SF q ~wB SvF@- j @B cXoc@ gAc @AS - sAR RJ BSq ~ATnQ (NF gɮ) J qc MAH@ Sv@ OS @aS |

Sv@ Ac AU B̰ Sv@ ~crFq - A@ا @cFSv@ S ASAEO | 1967 U cXoc J ԩmf R AHf Sv@ BSF AF ~@AT ިm S | ~v^ ca cݮ J ZS | ~w, Anr ca ~w, jAUv Tɦɻ qS A @FA˦U J@ @cFSv@ jce @\ ~gɮ BAwAaU | jc Sv@ ~crFq Tg̩ @ASf | j@ T TS AaU AAS Sv@q TSK | 1966 @ 1973 U ToF @Ar ha -ԩmf AHf (1966), @U@ɩ qU@v R F^ (1968), @U^F (1969), ިSATUS (1970), ~Sɲf ~S R T ˻ (1970), ԮenA^ : AEO / q@@@ب A^S (1973)| qv jce BAS S-Sv@ @ snT AEO R q@@@ب A^S | b@ anBfcS rK UZ cH Sv@Av @R AAS BASaS | Avq c J T kHɻ Sv@ | sc@ cXoc-j jq Sv@Av AS ~S@ ~r AaU | SvFAS@ةS T ~AgSf c jTS @R AaU | ~oAS@ة @r WvAaU Sv@ | H @ AS sR f TS cH TS AaU ~˻@fA mhaU A@a S | f Y B @ O gUcɮ A | rK q cH cU Sv@, "~r @c B @c, sXo @c ~ A@a Sq | jZS ~AT ^, ~AT j@ |" ԮS^ An@ q oH U A sR ШAUA ZAЩ ~er a AaU 3 A@Am 1991 U TO T | ZS f A cH AAv q ~\ c SvF@ s ~oAS@ TS@ rAH @ OUaS cI s | f@ cUaS - "jq ~^fS BfcS ~T ~F ia | jZS ~AT TA Oq, TpF Oq |" (cXoc c, AQH WK, p. 75)| ~UOF @cFSvF OAv SvF@ ިH ިScFc @aS, ިH@ASf@ Ac@p @SAS | @Ac OS @aS jq @cFSv@AU q @U ~Agک BA̩ @ ASq | o q S, q T@U jce cXoc c ASBm BfcSgcS ATAU AS SS AaS | jq Sv@AU ToF ~T sTS Tg OAn @i AS TAS @Ac@iR rS s | j @cFSv@AU q AgqgU S | @Ac jce Sv@ swUR S | j Bɩ m^ | Tg FQ m, @Ac m, s l ~Agک | ~ jq q m PBAc@ T^ PA pf v^S^ m |

Tg TMKU c @U^F- @ASf@U | ~T BAS q scer oe @ASf | A@ا cpXo eU, FgT g eU T@U@R AZ | JA@ TS cXocR @S-S-@S eU | BS w@i A@ Tg @U - S j@U ! TS Z c PcA@ s j OS@U Kv- r@ ~Am jq ceU | "s ~SF s ~AcO s UB / Oq Aro | ~B Aro ! Oq Aro | s gkA sc ɩU, / jq pAcf c ~T |" - j @ @im ! jq Sv@ o X@ިf R scer oe S - ~AnT @ "jq @ASf (@U^F) qAʩ ~ ck A̩ ; j TT TSc qA j@Av ~A F AcBTS |" (@U^F, - gkAT@)| Av ~ j Sv@ | A@ا ~ ~ ~w j@Av kc ~a, rK Դ @S | Դ @S ~er cFɮc-j ~Acgɻc | j sS emp Sv@ S^f-~^ kno ~ ~A^T g̩c@F hOH - "jq c @بrfUc - QHBfcf H بl@, / j@Tn ~Qq ASoɻA̩ j Xo |" ~ kc UQH qAʩ | T ~ v @v U | Tm X@ "@بlA \U ^ɰ", cp cUwfS MLF cn | me @pG j @S TfTe @ cF˻ | @S-S j cq - "AcAocXo, ASAEO ~A^T Tn |" jq Sv@ d, ~ɻl kc, ~T q TSK BfcS ~cS A ~m | ZS ~a ǩ ̲ Acecɰf ޡgk AH-j AOn@\ | @U WkHS jce wA TA- ~A^ AH Wv | X@ UQH jq ~r B^ , ǩOn SɩS fA | X^ AcS BfcS ɩ ~c | Ai@ oeUfUR AST ~er s X^ AcS BfcS ɩ ~c | cXoc c jq @cFSv@ ~g@ c BSF SS oS aAc ~T TS U oaS | "BTS It ~AwT wBS", "ToFASq ST ^F", "AoA@ AoA@ AU A", "T Bv @ av s ~Am \@"| gɩ THf A @fv R B A@\ ~g@q WSfgk @ : "~T WT ToF An g qJ / ZJv Z OU, SZ, w OT |" m AZ, "~T c@ o K ASha / Ac@v BJ@, ̽TZf cɰ |" @U^F FQة ~TU Sv@ | A@ا oq A@ ~TU, SvF@ @imR rS s sZS J F AncS : "BS, jq oe - jR gU | jq esBS / A jU cpAc^, kH U @U WkHS |" j Sv@ AcKɰ sS AH a ASc |

cXoc J Sv@ aAc jJ@aS @ A, SvF gK@ TpXo @ AS:^ | j gKw ~Ue@H S - Sv@ cq JA @ S - ce Sv@ ToF b@ SvFwiS@ ASA^ @ | ~T @\S@ j@v cpl Bwl-j ToF TA |

~Sɲf ~S Sv@ ASAv wS w ~S | sS ~S Sv@ ToF AccS@q AOA @ | cFAw Z m Aq SvFBfcS d | JU U a ~ Z OU M BU S - cFAw Z R m f@ | AXf wS ~a B R Sf BfcS ToF@ AXo : "@S cokcr, @S O^TUF, / ... sA B | / f, ɮf Acg ZS U | ... @ ~ @AiS, ~Jo ~w@ ? / j@ Tk - S A@ q AO@U ? / S A@ q Bq ScB^ / c AcXo Sf ?" pf wS SvFrK esAB - " AaU dH d / ~^@ / AS cw TAc STU |/ ~ ~ SU @AiS O / fQH SZ @ AU fH | / UAi U ިy@@, / c \Uc Aa^ |" rK Av UqS wgf lsT - "TpA@ a of i wU Xo / K ~U - SfAUT - AS:rN |" AS R ^ TAc T BfcS j ~a ~S | Sv@Av o ZaS jq ASAv wS ToF SvF@ | j j@ SS Ar\ B^ s Ar\f ~S ASB | ~Ac@@ AZ jq Qn wgf R cpK \UZ @ | ~AT B@SF, Bcok-Aco | / dAOA wgf T / s-@SR cpK BSF m䨩 @ AS | cF Ac s ATUS @\S @a ZS ~a AcpG | A@ا ~S - q ATUSq ~SF ~Agک A | sAR R cU -~Agک TST S, "It QfH d T / jZS ~AT @JAa |" "~A@ب T OQب"- ~S @ TS @A AUR BU @R ~AScsgcq ~ - q ATUS AccH A, j@ AS:rq cU - " sS ~U A̩F j@ ɩAmSf "| sMS jZS ATU s @pA@ Os - "d Al cɮA^@ \Ucha"- @ q cU | cFɮc ATUS ~S TS U -"AAS ~T TS JA @ cUaS k @ rS T T J m SccKɻ T TWT^ T |" jq T A@ @cU ~S TS ToF ~U U ? ~S BfcS @T ~Acgɻc sS T jce TWT^ kn BU ~^ WvU | @pA BU TSK TS @T ATr wU |

jq @T-~SgkA cXoc c Sv@ cc ja | @U^F jce ԮenA^ Sv@ Av WAS | T ˻ Sv@ Tg̩ sXo r AS @H-co ~w AS WvS ~ ~ɰr c rK AS sɻoS TpF AS ԮenA^ Sv@ | ~Sɲf ~S - ~wq cUAa Tg ~A @ WvS | ɮfިn Ac B^ cp^ | A@ا q s Zc S @ cU Aw Tg @ w^ ~S-BU w\ ASAaUS, ZcS o TA@ c BPSA@ @fA S, j m m ~ ~S@ ~˻ UA@ ~a, j@Av PcAr@ vgkAT j A | ~ cUaS - ~S R BU jq PcA̩ ToF j@Av TMAU@ PTnfR Z R s Tg | Zc S cdH-~A WvSAv@q j@Av kn ~@ cJo a - "Sf wg BU, ިdK cfs ~S - j @AT U B^ S Hf, pA R pA ocA Q |" ~Sɲf ~S- ~T v ZAa | @U^F- gc AHA ToFR qA @R j ~w ~UAO a | jq Sv@ j@c rK Դ @S-j ~T AZ cFɮc A - "ZcS@U ~A R ~Hc / mgcPcA̩ gU Tcf /" A@ec j@R cUUS, " ~TSF AgR Sf, AcSTkUF UgF A@a Sq, / c S aXcrf H | / rZ : / @U q wg, cfB, onf R rES, / s Wv, AS^ ~cS, B^, cpAXo, ~cQ, ~cUA, / ~S @fA jce @fA oce, / ~S, s@ U@ gc sw^, / A@ا s AS^ ިScpA, o coF Wɩ@ mS AcAST |" ԮenA^ Sv@ sZS ~ɰr AS rUFco ɳT @McS - j@Tn sɻoS f @ OUaS @Mc S | qm WkHTS c S - ZS cU AcAfS ~mɩ Z - "sS g rK cKHo / A Tk cU, cAocw, / AcF R cB ge@, / sS j@q cSU ~ cSF | BU iU ~S / ~BS wfc @, UQ ArZ UAUS /" ~cR AZ cHS - "A^Ψ T haɮ, / okU TW ksɻU@ ASmg, / eWK ~A@H R cɩ -/" jZS ~S ~ BU eWKq f@ | @بdQn sXo AcF oeUfU ToF SvF@ gUSAS ~S-BU w\ | ce j@ Sv@AU ~As ~ TS | TSK qA ccq nA^@U ~ | ԮenA^ Sv@ sXo TSɮTAS ZS AS - A@ا SF Wv sXo FQ Ri cHS, (wf sTS AaU)| cHS HTݩ R op jce w^f Sv@f AAn sXo Ri OU AOn | T ˻ Sv@ sXo FQ S, AS | A@ا ~crFcf AHA Bfc^-F q Z Aa | ZS @H AS: | q AS:ʩ @ BfcS R OS X^ fH j@ BAvU R j@@f TSK AH @ | ~c sZS cU s O-S "AXg T BfcS, / ~T ˻@ة O-ewT |" AXg T BfcS@ FZS @ A@ @H ~S R BU@ ~mf@ @US ? BfcS@q FZS @ @H AS: | @H ~mf@ @UR B^ s @ب^f Bi BU ~ ks ~A @H v ~mf@ @c @TS @ - sZS me @ب^f j BAS S B^cp^ | @H ASBq cU q B^cp^ S - "A@ا @ S, / @ S ks ^S jq Bw ? s-A@a ~a -H / pH, cpQ, B^, TSK s m@ ~ @ / cer̲ cJO @, B^B^^ WkAH - / ks @Uq Aީ, @Uq AU@ |" q cU @H j Sv@ - "jA@ c s ks B:ި@ / @ZS F @ AaUS @S TScf - / jTSA@ fATf @ب^f ?" q ~c cU - "T AT - / sJ wg AaU ~T T TU@, / sJ ASsɻ AaU ~T T F, sJ Hcݨ ~AT T AS:rɮ ASAaUT, / q AT - /" ~S ~ BU@q TS SR j@ ~˻ | j-c R sZS @H cU - "~AT AcXogc ~AT | aɦ ~ @ش S /" ZS TS ~ Ԯ : AS:ʩ : cf^S w^ cXoc c cUaS (p. 68-69), "~T AO^ mgc ~m ~T gK mgc AcrpU | ~T ~cw mgc ~AAha^, jce jq @p cFcm ~c ~cFcmq @ cU @B OU s, coH jq ASq p @ | A@ا @Ac OS ~LUANo, q J BfcS j@ ~ScAha^ ewT |" @H BfcS@ A@ cXoc jq ~Am BfcS USf TS @aS ? co@A q-q | sXo ToFq @H BfcS AOAn | TS @AaU BfcS "TWha^ K T ok j@ m"@ kH @ UQF | Mްf@ j Sv@q cU, "AT BS, ~AT sɻoS s^ Sq, / @ش ATn S ~T, @ɴ@ ~AT rn cU gAc S - / ~AT mofS, ~AT AS: |" @Ac TS ~Ao@fR - Sc @S cUc j eU, "jZS / j@Av An ~a ~T | ~^@, SQnT, / BU, AcrU j@ An |/ sA A@a gc Oq gc BSF, / ... S Oq TS-TS @S @im, cU Oq A@a @ @S mpA@ - / BSF jZS j@Av An ~a |" jq ~LUANo BSFq A@ ewT ! A@ا q @Hq ~c cU - " ~ATR Zf ̩T -/ ~SF @R - sXo @ | BSfA @ k |" c ~SF Av Sv@ @U^F jce ԮenA^- TSKF OAn ~ r@ - ~AScs s @ o @ QT Sq @ | ~a @, hapU c - ~ jq q Sv@ ToF SvF@ ̽ɫ QةAcQة T@U-rS@ ZJB R sc ~cF˻gc | T@U H @aS cAXo, S @aS ^ɰS | @TS @ JA ~a jq q- TIZS ~Sɲf ~S jce T ˻ R ~SocS @ | ~wq cUAa jq Av Sv@ ~LAO ZJB Sc Sv@ |

OAv Sv@q ިH ިSB^ WAvaS cXoc | ~T UQ @c cXoc AcAg^ Sv@ gc@r Qn AOnOS TA^S | T@ AAS gK ~Ue@ TS @SAS - gc @rq ~As ~ | ~ OU wAT | Sv@ jq AT OU @, cɦ @ ~˻ R qAʩ | j@Av ~U ~@ml f Ri ~SFAv - jTS @q A@ cUSAS - @U Tn R cf^Sv@ ASc^ r WK |

~T A@ jq Sv@AU ަ ަ c @ZS ~AgS @ gc Aw @cF Sv@ a^ @ػ Zc cAr OS Ai ? co S | ~T a^-m^ X cA q co | @cFSv@ Qn cFv Ag^ ? wFq Agɮ ZJB ASU cTS A@ o S | UZ c AaU S ~oAS@ @cFSvF@ | ~AT BAS S cXoc J @cFSvF ްF@ wF gA A OAaU A@ S, - A@ec j@cq @FgA ? A@ا cR AZ SvF@Ac gK @ػ @ T˻, sA BU Acm ̰rf | ccFR Ri ~TW R m | @U^F Sv@ sA Uv sA, mAm-~Ac-Ae-XK, ޮ BS cq ja SvF@Ac AcAg^ a^m^ | gc j PcAOnF ~crF ~SF Sv@AU Sq - A@ا @U^F- ~a | q @Ac OU j Ag^ | A@ @@S Ag^ OU@ oc BSFq | wF Sv@ AUZU co jTSAv S | ~Agک jce ~SgkA AcK BSFq ca ASaS @Ac jq a^ | F ToF wF oT AS ~ɮv OUa rAo@ ca o | v@ TA ɮ cUR TS SR a | ~ jq ɮ cO UQHf gc @r a @cFSv@ | a^ ToF @R a^ ToF c^f @aS S T ˻ Sv@ jq eU : "@ @H | ~f ~ ~UOF S, jZS, / @SS c @ػ TfTe c / sXo | c T @a j@Av ABɮ ~T |/ s@ ~AcO cUU AT, / p^ / o A@ ~T mec g ?" A@ec @U^F Sv@ eU | kc c T cpXo, AXf cpXo mcS ~^ATU Zq ~iTn eU : "~T BSAa Acr Q, cpAXo AcTS, / TpF ~S ScB^, co@F ha Prrc ; A@ا ~B TS @ZS c cFF c, / @ZS c AO AScɻH @ BU i ~@ ErS |" ~c B j@ذU -AcU ~AgBɩ ިdK s A JOTn WJK sS a^q cU\US - ZU OUa / vUa / w Ua / iJv ZUa / OZ BUa / T UF | AcAg^ OAn TZ AcAg^ a^ eU | jZS ~crF OAn jce rɩR A@av a^ OS ha PcA@ ! cmc BfcS TSK @cɩɻ ~A ASAީ a^ TS OU S Ai@q - A@ا jQn rɩ TS jq a^ j@v gc ަcq ~ vq jQn @TF | @U^F- q ha^ sR TBv jq a^ @ cUv sS jFASTv aAc OUOUS a^ بv Ri | ~^ @S SvFASr@ jTS gcq S ~ q ~Ssf SO @S a^ j@ cJo S, eU a^v@ o | A@a q ~crF @pG, g, FgT @@S a^ s Uv | jZS rɩ a^ @ػ Bw S R UANo OU ~ a^ | @ZS c TS | @S-j@ ~m ~f / @S-j@ er cF@بU, / AT, ˻, A@a r @AaU ~T@, il / @ةcFH gU Aw, WvS WkHS AT |/ ~AT R AAaUT | A@ا - / ~AT s cUAaUT, AT cIAS |/ ~AT s cUAaUT, ~ATR cAIAS |" @pG jq eU AcTkb ~BS | jR c@ gK@q TZ U SR | @ A@ a^ BSF ~T cI ~Aco ? S | jc T a^ o ~^ASA SR @ - TnASA^R | cXoc @cFSv@AU q fQq ~T Z c |

cXoc co J @cFSvF ASBm @i@ U @ SAS j@c | @i sTS ~T S q OAn ToF TAS @@, cpXo TZ @imR S q | jq Sv@ j@T Acf WvS Wɩ-AWɩ | Tg̩R s q-q |

@U^F Sv@ s Wvc, s Wv ~crFcf q Wva | j cFZF SvF rK cFɮc ASaS ~T - @U q wg cfB, onf R ErS, / s Wv AS^, ~cS, B^ cpAXo ~cQ ~cU / ~S @fA jce @fA oe / s@ U@ gc sw^ | @U^F- ~SFT AcK U coFWɩ@ mS AcAST |

Sv@AU T@AcF@ Acr sL AO a | ~a q AcrUR | jq ok @ASf- ~a ~B@ jce AS Acr @R | cXoc c @Ac | AAS SvF@R | ~^ Sv@ c^ J ~P@r ~@KH @vR ~T BS | rK BfcSR AAS SvFOOɻ TS A OAaUS - @R ~T BS a | q Sv@ R @Ac @A r J BS | @cFSvF j@ Sv@T | jZS BfcS m WAv s - Sv@ OU OU | BfcS AO^ TA@ة R @Ac @\S AO^S s a J SvB | cXoc J SvF@ @ jq @cF SvFAU ToF oSF AaS | sXo cfB wJ AaS AAS ~Sɲf ~S- sZS sXo ~S@ k | T ˻ R ԮenA^- q sXo ~T FQ @A | ~ @U^F- sXorK @pG j@ cFo r AS | ~BS cI @U^F j wa - AAS mST ~swF |

T@U TLF @fA U OAv Sv@ - s T@U ~S TSK qA nA^@U | fc ~cw @r s ASAc | jZS v a | AcrBSfS j@v ~Aocmc m - Tg̩@ ~r @q fH @aS cXoc c J @cFSv@ | Tg m sTS cJo a - TAS @ASf aA A aS ~oAS@ Acr @ R co @aR | ~T BSAa @cF R SvF ATAU Ar\ ha @cFSv@ | q jZS AZ @\ R An@T j@@ wa | @Ac R @sɻ@U ToF @ػ mAީ R U c wa SvFAr\ rA |

cXoc c@ jq OAv @cFSv@ SvF@ Arc AZ s cO ~@KHf OAnAU@ ca AS cU PcfF mS @ wv cFv SvF R | ~@KHf AaU S ~S, - AAS @ ~Acm @ ~@KHf @ UaS ~T @a | ~cAU@ OAn cU PcfF oA AaS | T ˻ Sv@ @H ~@KHf OAn | - Acf @ب^f, Mްf @pG@ mAީ @ ~@KH cA AaS | ԮenA^ Sv@ ~SAmϩ sɻoS Sv@ ~@KHswF OAn ia jce @ @^ @q jce op jce w^f OAn mS fc Sv@ PA s | Tw X@@q ~@KHf OAn @ U Acf @pG ~BS jce FgT g@ mS @ @U^F Sv@ Ok^ SvFH ^ Ri |

~AgS ToF AO-@cFSv@ AHT ~BS @ | eU CATU, ~^ASA gc R r@TUf OS - jq AS m swl @B A@ c S @cFSv@AU ˻@ wQn | SvF@T cmc s AcSFɮ R TF R s (s cXoc c Sv@ Z R wa) @ sBS ToFT AcrɮswF @ mS A@ ~c ? co S - ~^ Av O ~T ZAa | cXoc c mgcSw SvFfA aA ^S @ waS Sc-ScfS SvF | AAS ~SAH aS ~AgcFAcɰf SvF@U @ - ~@KH ~Sgc @aS ި@ASf c AT |



UZ@ @بT -j ~STAnT cʰrS An@ @ jq ASc^ AXf ~er cɮ-j ިSTA U | j BSF ~T UZ@ @a @p |


Published June 15, 2004




Illustrated by Rajarshi Debnath. Rajarshi is a software engineer currently based in Stuttgart, Germany.

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