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Books_in_English




 
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"A 9/11 @ATrS Av - qSU Av ~ A SFrSU @ATrS ~S vAmv ~Fv@ ~S A qSqv mvv - ~qB jAS"; @r BUq 2004; @r@ - cU cU SvS ~F @ɲAS, SFq@ػ; cF@; p 20+567; T - r U ; ISBN 0-393-32671-3 ; ɦ@g; p 604; T 19 U 95 xv ; ISBN 0-393-06041-1 .






"The attack took place on American soil, but it was an attack on the heart and soul of the civilized world.... This particular battlefront will last as long as it takes to bring al-Qaeda to justice."

- BB cU cr, ~vc 11, 2001




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qAɮ @ ~S@ cTkUF F BS A ~T -- A@ا j@Av TkUFcS F ~S@ AЩ AA@q OZ jA wa | Av U, rf rK c^ TpT^ cɩɮ cq d @Uq AEOT ~T BSoH TS aAv TBB ~ -- J @B@T Ar@ S UR, r\ R A@ @ U A Ta o, Am @, J @v c ASSQ aS iS m\cɮ c T^ SgU ަ @ gcS | ~Ar-@aA-mU-@UB rfU BU cH r JA ZS "g@rS" j To ~UOS | BS T TITAI mU @UB fW -~ɦq T wfyTc@r jce ZS aAv SR d | qR TSK gwFcS -- O @ a aAv J ; TA@ػS TU@ @ AS , ATH j@v @T | A@ا ~U^ ި@ب qq @B@T T Ri ~ lɰSrfU
(productivity) jce @s@̩ (efficiency) -- qq ST s ɩU - @A jce c@A AS | ~ gUgA^R Wv OU |

T TsXo @q o s@ | 1914 U wfyT@U -- qR B AcBTS @@ r@ rA^ : Acް WvU 28 BS 1914 -- cAS-cɮf j@BS c @Ac R w Bɩfݩcɰf, ST wAgU AA^ -- AAS j@Av Sr@ةTkU@ @B @ cUS | ~OA@ AS^ jce J Lf @A @B gTH @ jaS ~mv-ewAS TBF ~^w cAS BF BoSf g r | wAgU R UcU Ks^ d @US ~OA@ A@ ZS @ BSF jce T cF˻ UR AXf gwF U US | jq SH qR s Zc j@v r@ a ަU R S | ~mv-ewA TBF Tv Ai@ @US s ~SwFfS c j@v AO ArQ A c | c^Ψ BTɻAS @qB qUUTR J j@T, AcrK @ Tp TSK BS sZS BTɻS BAc ~Lf | BSq rF c ZAS@v oT@ oT@ R c ~ha @ @ئ@ R, s gAcKF jTSAv ~ S Wv | @dq rF AaU S rAv@ ~nTH @ c ZU @, AcrK @ sZS Ar B cr WAS c^Ψ, S Ar A TA@ OA a ~ @S vSU sTS T ~ S sXo STU ZU R @ AcvSR Q AS P P @ ~ɮc |

jq c @ TS Zq ~Amv Uc Uc SSS r AUAmv cAS OTn AU Ac@ ; BTɻAS T˻S @U ~Amv@ ; ~ Jqwq @UR Ac TS ASU ~S@ r | A@ا ZS BUq Tɮ, qR BB Uc aAv sR @ -- jq TSF @H ~ A@A\ީ aAvav cAU @ s S | ZS "T bAU AS TS" ~cm -- @ش , @ش T o, @ش BewU, @ش AcUɮcU BB -- Z , O TFS @, m- w ިA, G cH ASS , AQة-Lf ew @ rrɮ@ sZS AUS ZS BUq Tɮ rK | J ~TɩF-AK-SA A@ا AS sXo cFcm kH @ UaS, ScASf, ~mrm, wU-cd, ̮Twf MJa wa fT^ | wA vS @ U swsw cFcm OTl@ jce j@c sXo B-̵T m䨩 wU sXo S @ S cJOS TrA@U | rm, F ScASf@ j@c sXo ST @ Ai ZAU AA ~S ~c | ~jc sXo d U 2 ~wmv, OUU O ca, Tp eZF ~Ar UQ ( ToF ~v UQ g̩f PSF)| AA@ jZS T OU@ gcS @f TSF @H d AaU q fW gc sXo jce B-BwH q T aAv S wU ̽Qf T TsXo AF AFq co A@ S |

jc sR s@ ɩAr ca A -- 2001 U wfyT ; q B-BR Sq, BLR Sq -- pAcf B wH^, A@ec SSS C j@S@ة^ | c pAcf B cU wU TA@ػS s A -- ZS A AScɻOS a Sgc 7, 2000 jce 105 ATAUS gvɩ ToF j@ eZFwA̤ ~er AScɻAO @aS TnFv f ~FU w@ | A@ا VA̦ ST@ j@Av BF gv wSSA jce gw cJv AS coU wwU -- ZS AcAU@S f BB cU cr rJO@ gv jAw, A@ا cr ~S@ B gv ZSR wS AS S ~Pco cU WKH @ a | AcKAv ASyA jce ToS g s BS J US VA̦ BF wgS Bc cr, BB ~S ɰ ~ nvA ~ mvv @FAS FA̮, AsAS Rq BF BB AScɻOSf O-@ATAv -gSnf | U ASQ AcO @S rq Sq -- ~S@ BU WU R AT @v 12q Ac 5-4 gv BB cU cr@ A TSSf @US | ca Acr BSA J r wH -- ~w sZS QT ɩcU jce @B cAI c U OUa ZS kccf rɮS Bɩf ASޫ Acgw g @Tf, SS rɮS @Tf gUgcq FTH sw TI c O @AaUS r TSK ASޫ c pAcf ASޫ Qn oS TFAU A@ A@ | j@ Sc AaU RTAcS US R ^ɮcɰf ~U-@ݰ wɤf ; @A, g̩f Tr ~SAc@ sXo cS jq c | jce AUAmv ~S@v SfO AaU q@ R ɳT S wHAcoef THm | WHQ rS s s SS rɮS QT jq AU@Av@ jUTU @ S -- q@ OU ~ T mS jce ~U-@ݰ ^ɮcɰ-j dL ST s ~S@ SfO | kccf j@ r@ ^ɮcɰ Acof TA@ػS @ oS mA AOɦ j @ػ J "c rn AcdXo" (Against All Enemies) w^ AUZaS, "As I briefed (Condoleeza) Rice on al Qaeda, her facial expression gave me the impression that she has never heard the term before, so I added ........ Rice looked skeptical."

sq @ rS@ aAv @vS @ ~ɮ s@ | ~wmv 6, 2001 -- A cr aAv waS vɮ BF nɦ r J SS @S ZTcA -- nATn ~TɩF AKcwR AwaS J | AS FkK J PDB c "Presidential Daily Briefing" j ArST "AcS US ~TA@ @R ~Wɩ S cXoA@"| ɩ jq TTAv@ AS O BU WU a, ~U ~UOS UZޫR a ~S@ | O TZ cr rɮS A@a ~er @AU U UR @r @ coF aS TTAv | ZS RT @ ~a, AcTS AaSq j @ a, ^ɮc @ ~a, ~U-@ݰ ewiS @ ~a | cf@U q ccF ~Ssf TTAv "analytic" R "historic" jce "not a warning" ; AcTS AaSq j @ ZS a, " in the traditional sense" gTAU T, " I don't think anyaone could have predicted that these people ... would try to use an airplane as a missile, an hijacked plane as a missile."

jTASq TS c @ ^ɮcɰAcof @B@T AcrK l c l̩ AaU S cr | ASvS ~TU "S" ST@ j@ oS OU@AcfS O AcTS ASɩ SB Z RT R UcU R -- AQɮAOc TA\ c^ @ AaS qc @B@T | ^ɮAcof @B@T cBv 800 ASs U @T @ A q v@ bU d QHm ASo@f sA | @@Tɮ ~wq ~n^ a (10 ~vc 2000) jS c^ TA@ػS sXoBB q j j @U, ZS aS 17 BS TA@ػS SAc@ | q WvS ~U-@ݰ a m jce AcS US O˻c C @a qTS scf ~-~U-ɻ@, rTrq@ 5000 U ɬ A Bf @AaS q AS@ -- ~@Av rF qTS ~U-@ݰ BPSA@ @ػ B̰ @ |

A@ا q @U Rq gc ecɰ , TA@ػS s ^ɮcɰf ~nTH @U^@ ~gɮ cr A@ @US ? TA^g BdA Pci@ @ AcKAv AS ~UOS @US ? aAv @vS c^ @ ɩ ɦɩA RArevS AA A jUS ? A ~q j, j Ac ~q ~ jS j A oS @ gU @ c AUS jce sgcq @ ^ɮcɰ@ TS @ ASr AUS ? @Svq S | @U @U @B@T ɩA Av AAS T ~S^ Aa AS Ta o cdUS -- r @, TSK @ gcc J T @ ? AS q@ػ vqT ecɰn Av ~Ssf cr AS @vS Ta o jce W cA AcrT @ ^cU cA A ɩ rv ToF WAT S | mvvS vA T, c US A J AS@ j@Av aAcR cAAaU | T H TS jQnR oS aAv J AS S @Av rɮS R rA^Q @B TS AU rK s^ A@ Wv @ cU ?




"our duty is to rouse the Muslim nation for jihad against the United States, Israel and their supporters, for the sake of God."

- RT AcS US, 1998




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ި ST RT (A@ec T) AcS T AcS US, B^ AAB S 1377 ~ɻl qeAB Ac 1957 U 10q TO | cc T ~Rɰ AcS US qTS MA ~c fT^cf RA ɦTv ~U A̰ ASTB | ~oAS@ MA ~c pA 1902 U jce ~AcecA S ~cU-~ABB qcS M (1880-1953) | 1926 U @ mf@pA R mofS , sAR TA@ R U en^ AcK AaU j@OAv cpAvr j@AoީF | @A˩ ~a Rq j@q T T B TqU Jv qTS @ MA ~c ~S @B ZJB jce SS Bɮɰ ASTɻH @B ATAm Ac ASs S | j@خT B ~m ަU, J OU ~Aco Wv jce T jTS cFcm @ S s qUO cq B AcrU ɮ j@^ @ ~SF^ W @ S |

jqgc BAc S@SB ަUS T jce J gwFR ZU wU | ~A cTU ɰr q wT BAc AcrT ɮɰ -- ZS @ T s^ qR ASTɻH cɩ US AAS ; AcS US @Smv@rS @ɲAS T Bv | q @ d -- ~m ~m jU ~ ~S@ SS @B g -- cU wU, ~oAS@ MA ~c A@iT w Ua AcS US @ɲAS | T jce TAS Av ިHF TAB, AcAg^ Bɮɰ, AcTSc^, cU cAHBF@^, mWv cAS AAS ASB aS @AvA jce BAc @ػ a WAS @ WAS |

BAc cFcA@ @ػ@ pb۩ @ BSF T cFAw R PccA@ @ػ w U cf US | J T ASAv AcAcq MA ~c Sf -- BAc F ~c WAS ; J j@BS, ~^ST ~U-ZAU, ~c wc T cero | ~˻PSA@ TT cɦUR AcA@ kn TSF ~Aco JU T qhaT AS@/U@ @ @B | ASAv AcAcq BAc ~rfcɻoSF, ~jc J ~cm TA@ػS AcrAcFU vASR, ~Ag kH~oF@ T, ~ɻl @S : ~o S @U O@A sR g Sq | ~c rA TSU j@خ OAv cAr AHwH m co | jce O˻ AcAc ~cmS JU Ok^gc : jce ~ASAEO -- ~S@v F A jqO A T @ ScfS, ~mf, @f ~oF@ TS -- ~B c @U A@ c Am̩ Sq | j@ S, q S, AS S -- O˻ AcAcAv ް ~Ue@p @aS ~i BS scf -- @dq mAL wS @@ ca cAr S | T fW R UcS BfcS c ATAU j@بrBS Lf jce O^Av ^S -- OANcrAv ިn R AArAv @SF BS@ jq oSf cFcf R wɤfA |

kc BdUT ~U-~@r TAB qUT oT ~ j@Av oS ɮS @^ -- Q@ BS rTqv B | ޡr r@ AAS v @US TAB ~ɰTm@ em R TTA BSF ; @xvv U T @Smv@rS @ɲAS -- TAB cSS @B ZFA aAa ~c AS | q @B kn J cc BS ~ɮ sR -- J SB ަUS ~AU WST j@ AXg^sMcS AAS Sf | ~AU US T SST O˻ AcAc -- j@Avq ^S B^U -- ިn^S, Aީ r ިn^S -- ST Z U "RT" | RT Prrc @va wJ TUTS Ac @ئrɮS, A@ا mha^ R m ; T cc AccAcha R T aU@ @ R ɮ ɩ gq j@Av ~Uɰ cA | RT ~\ c BfcS c^ FA Zcq m\ jce ToF w\wa R Bc ATHR @T S | J T ~ɮU A^ TUTS SS, A@ا ~Uqv (AF), J T cc SA@ @S gc Acq AS c QAH@ sMSAco BSF T Acc AaU (ATF), sc@ RT ~AATgc TFS @S jce mv c cZ ZUq oR @S (ATF), cqdv jce AEOT qR SSS r Sqvc q J@ c^c Z R s (ATF) | jTS@f cU-cvT mU R A@ an RT vU cH @FAUF@ w US R ~AAAO, AcZFɩ aAcAvR ~ɮU J S J j@ PcTn gq-j | jqc Bc RT ASBR q^S BAwaS J AEOTAcof, Accf AAOAAv@ rAH Sc BSF | 1998 U AA j@ ecA@ Ql@ AAS cUAaUS, "Every grown up Muslim hates Americans, Christians and Jews. It is part of our belief and our religion. Ever since I was a boy I have been harbouring feelings of hatred towards America." A@ا cU@ c J ~TA@@ AcrKgc WpH @ @S TH Sq | q WpH ja cr A@aAS |

Tn @@-r@ ToF JO AcAUS U TkUF ASTɻH cFc (construction) TAU@ S RT Aީ T -- J @TOf eZF AaU AAr BR cAr | ޡr r@ j@c U T il ~S@v @T wU @A @TOf TqS c BSF J @a @ v@ o AS coF AaU MA BAc | AAS j@o ~oAS@ FwA ~O @ئ oTf ~SrɮS Acrɮf | AU@v cFc @ AAS j@q AS qUT oT ASAv kHFT f˻mS (T, TAS, ~U-~@r) STB aS | 1966 U MA ~c R qTS fT^ J @ɲAS ASTɻH@T A@ @ Aw j@ AcTS WvS T ~@Am@ TpF Wv | A gwcJv RT ~ ~Ar ATAUS U Ao@ -- ޡr ATAUS @ɲAS @wB jce AAr ATAUS Sw | ca c AAS Tc Ac cS -- nf J T k @ػ ~Lf SB WST jce A@aAS J T ިn ~c\U B^ | ~ rAv ^S |

1977 U B r ~cU ~ABB AcrAcFU UZަ d @S ~˻SfA R cAHBF AOUS rm ; q T @q J BPSA@ AO^gcS d | BS TMUcɰf TAUT S gc AaU J AO^o -- TAUT cɰ wɤf ~c\U ~ɿBT jce ATr oTO@ T @بc | nɰr rNf A^ oTO@ qcS vAT (1263-1328) J@ AcrKgc ~SAH @S | RT oS rn ZS ~cBw USTU@gc oTASQ S@ (ATr ɰɩ, AUAc wA, qS UAg) , ~TA@ S | MA ~cR SS AeɮS caS B ZU, Zc AATgc UR J USTU@ gc ^ RT R J UcU j@cq a^ S | jTS T 1979 U qS QT jUS qTT ~ɩ\U ZTqAS jce B^ T @ wJ T\Uɩ^ knɩ U ZS | MA ~cR j@ذU ^ɮcɰf TA@gc ZU @ UU T oS TAB | B ZS A Fv @ rA^ AA ~SUS -- ~S@ ̽ɩ cq ިSZU U TAB | Rq ca Ac T ~c ~WvS -- Agݩ UU MB QT ZU @U ~ɬwASmS ; dH BA Accf RT TS T sw jU oTsXo | @@AS ToFq AAS RS AUS ZS |

MA ~c Av oS ް : j@, qUT oT Av ިHFf˻ -- wc T B^mS, T jce J TAomS, TAS ; Aca ATAUS TSK ZS ~S B f˻rS ; jce q, ZASB U -- jZS ~cAo ɩ 260 AcAUS cFU jce Zc c OR cAr ~BS | q q OTl@ cFc U ~ɬwASmS | qUT Ac^ cU U U mhacf ~ɮ d @U AcoTf, DrAcfS Agݩ PSF Uq @ BSF ; MA ~c @q r B cAr, ~SF ~c r ATAU JAOr B "~ɬwS ~c" | MA jUqS ~AcrɮF @T @T gɦ S d @U B @ r | ~˻PSA@ sF ~ɮ d @U MA PUU ToFT -- r ca ~STAS@ 2 AcAUS U | j BvU ~TA@ w^ɮem A, A@mS ~q j ~q ; ~ɬwASmS ɩAv AcAha^ sXowɤf@ j@n @ w U U TBAAS (Dr sXo) cASf ; ~TA@ @ S cIq ~ɮ d @U ~mrm -- @@ UQ vS -- d U Agݩ Acof Bɰ | cqr ca cA RT JUS oS ~˻ c@f | A, A@mS, MA ~c, RT cq ZS wU wU c^Ψ, sAR A ~ɡAU@ oS AT\vS AcS cf@U /UT/cqcU aJ r @ cUcS J RT @S@T @ػ AaU S | ~Ar r@ TBAAS j@Av U@ A wS qv ɴ @ jS ~FAݩ @AaUS jce US @AaUS TA@ػS s Aɩ "BA Aީ" | q U RT AaUS A@S ~T BS Sq |

sXo Agݩ Ar ~m ~m Aa v d @U ; ~ɬwS sXo, s @ػ ɦqɦ A@AUe AUZAaUS,

"Being blessed with perfect sight,
          Picks off our messmates left and right."



TA@ػS AmvC QHm cFc @ Agݩ AU@v j@ j@ A A UwU | 1989 U 15 cA Agݩ ScASf BSU cA̮ wTg SpL ~TA Sf R c^ΨL A wU BcA@mS | S B S AS ~ j@ UZR cAr ~ R ʨ | sXoBf cf cr RT r A wUS ; ~S@ r@ ~w UAS BdUT@ AcoTfT @AaUS -- RT ASB@ J swF Ao@f cU gc ~̯ @US | qAToF 1987 U RT wɦޫS @aS "~U-@ݰ" ("AgA" ~c "WJAv") U ; ~ɬwASmS ~U-~S ("Ae cɮ") ATAUvA @F d -- Zc ArwAw pAcfT ac ST | ~ɬwS-sXo rK RT mr A jUS jce B r J AcA@ cFc @B@T TS AUS | jqgcq @v s cA@ BfcS, A@ا 1990 U 2 ~wmv q@ A ɳT S ~nTH @US @بݩ jce Bq ZU @ cUS rAv | MA ~c BR ~ɮS vUTU, g @زTS rɮ@wɤf | RT wUS Bިn A^ ~c\U @a jce ~ɬwS-~c PSF AS @ب wAU sXo d @ OqUS qA@ ScASf AcdXo | Bިn AcS FZFS @US RT mc A@ا ɦ AUS ~TA@ @ | S AcTSc^ IJ@ IJ@ ST d @U TA@ػS A130 AcH AcTS ; ~ UZO@ UUTZ TA@ػS PSF j WJAv wɦU TdgkAT | RT R UcU w ~S | sXo ATv wU Bq, A@ا TA@ػS MB r aɦU S | j@ TAUT rɮ@ ~nTH @ ~@ TAUT rɮ@@ Q @ ja AcoTf TA@ػS S, ToF ZpS, qA aq, jTSA@ @pG@ R TAU PAS@ s^ | kH rAAcof ~OH ; me wc T cU waS
"Let there be no two religions in Arabia." RAc jvq wJ TSgc^ s ~ɰr rNf T R TAS B @ gC JA AAaU T mf jce ~eZF TAUT oTO@ R AЩ TAo | sAR jc B MA ~c oS TA@ A @cU @ ASaS s TA@ػS PSF oTf ~SrɮS @ j@@UfS aɦ , RT US S | BAc AcAo @ wT wT cp A UwUS | UR UU q -- AcS US Ac Tm cFc-cAHBF @ Ai R U J@ ; @ ZU @ ASUS J c A R cFe@ ~F@ɴxv | RT @ST AU wUS T ~ɬwASmS -- ZS J ިS UcU jce SS sw R BA AS S v ɮS ~U-Ac ASް ~r | d U J gcW ^ɮcɰf BfcS |

1991 U @ ~U-@ݰ @s@U @^ iU S ZɩT r -- A@\S R ArQH d U ~TA@ AcdXo ^ɮcɰf ~nTH | T ~Wɩ 1993 U 26r cA R\ v xv A@ػe wFB cT AcmH -- AS 6, ~ 1042 | Rq ca ~vc 3 jce 4 -- TAU TwA -- AS 18 BS TA@ػS S, ~ 75 ; sAR T ~qA ~U-@ݰ swsw @ BS s @@ ca | 1995 U 13q Sgc A cT vU -- AS 5 BS TA@ػS PSF jce 2 BS g̩f | 1996 j BS T oe U S r TA@ػS SAScɮ Zc vR̮ -- AS 19 BS TA@ػS PSF, ~ ~S@ | 1996 U RT S a SS WJAv wɦUS ~ɬwASmS -- TA@ػS @ S @@ O c BSFq J@ rAv aɦ U, A@ا ~Z Ugq U J -- Ai@ sTS 1917 U BTɻAS a xv Avɮcw j ~c Aco AaU UASS | j@Av av U S RT iUS AUcS ATU ~m j@Av r S | c^Ψ AgU A@mS TMUcɰf Bf ATAUvA -- BT iU ^ɮc TT | 1998 U 7q ~wmv j@q @AS SqAc jce SBAS -j-UT TA@ػS kc AcmH ; 2000 U 10q ~vc q j j @U sXoBB ~nTH | jqgc av R TIA ^ɮcɰf @s@U ɩ A@ AS OUU cO c ^ɮcɰf @B@T mA | ~eZF AcAha^ F, TH, Acްe@ة, gc qAʩ @ LLR ~TA@ SS @ ZS wgf AS |




"The great enemy of the truth is very offen not the lie -- deliberate, continued and dishonest but the myth-persistent, persuasive, and unrealistic."

- BS j @SA, qU AcrAcFU cp




|| 3 ||

jq AS pfc j@Av AcrK WvS WvU 11q vc AZ -- TAv g jce Av ~g | 1893 U 11q vc Ar@w ToT US J ~AcmHf cpAv @AaUS mTf Acc@S^, "~TA@ gɩ R gAwSfwH" c@FerAv A s d -- g̩cK SɩS, PcA@oT pAcf AO WvAaU AS | AXfc, 1973 U 11q vc A OH R HɰS AOAU TA@ ~gFS Wv jce wHA^@gc AScɻAO R BSA A Ugɰ ~q^ QTOFk S R H S | pf c 11q vc 2001 U q ~^@, ge@ TUc | 70Av r 3100 BS R cAr SwA@ Tp, ~ eZFR O, @Av @Av v@ A oe |

OAv AcTS, 245 BS snf, 19 BS ^ɮcɰf ; snfcf AcTS@ wHAcoef ~m Ac cFc ; Zc eQ WvSAU cHS : 1) ~TA@S jUqS 11 Se S (cAe 767-200) ; @U 7:59 ATASv cmvS UwS AcTSc^ a U jU sn AaSq jce 8:46:40 @ AcrcAHBF @^ vR Aw o | JOBS AaSq@f -- T ~ɩ (U wɰ jce AcTSOU@), ~cU ~ABB ~U-RTA, ɩT ~U-@AT, RU ~U-rA, RAU ~U-rA |

2) qSqv jUqS 175 Se S (cAe 767-200) ; @U 8:14 ATASv cmvS UwS AcTSc^ a U jU sn AaSq jce 9:03:11 @ AcrcAHBF @^ AQH vR Aw o | JOBS AaSq@f -- TS ~U-rA (U wɰ R AcTSOU@), B cASTɰ, T^ ~U-rA, ~T ~U-WTA, TB ~U-WTA |

3) ~TA@S jUqS 77 Se S (cAe 757-200) ; @U 8:20 ATASv RArevS AA U AcTSc^ a U jU sn AaSq jce 9:37:46 @ xvwS AcA\C Aw o | JOBS AaSq@f -- ZAU ~U-ATo, TB T@ذ, AS SB (U wɰ jce AcTSOU@), SRɬ ~U-BAT, UT ~U-BAT |

4) qSqv jUqS 93 Sc S (cAe 757-200) ; @U 8:42 ATASv AS BA SR@ػ AcTSc^ a S SA@ sn AaSq ; rF AaU Zc c @FAvU AcA\e c qv ɴ Aw o, A@ا snf Ao SAv gC 10:03 ATASv SAUgAS rFe@خAgU wT ; OBS AaSq@f -- ABɰ Tf B, q ~U WTA, ~T ~U-SAT, ~T ~U-BSɴq | ZS s^ @A @ةpQ c ~TA@ AcTS rɮS em (FAA) @S @T AoTkU@ cFcm AS AS | T AcTS AaSq-j ZS @va 1 Wxv 49 ATASv, T AcTSAv SFq@ػ gC ަ ZS @va 1 Wxv 17 ATASv | sk BAS j@T ~cFcm jce ~@THF BSF @d O@A sAS !

j@T j@Av ~gkkc, gc R ge@ WvS @Uq ~r @AaUS s ASQ, hOްm, cUf j@Av ^@ATrS cA ި AcKAv gU @ gc AO^, AcrKH @ ZA Z c | @f @ jTS ^ɮcɰf ~nTH WvU ? @ @ gU a jce ~ް˻ Z wa ? @A, c@A @S Acgw @B@T ~cU @a A@S ? jce cO dLkH U, gAcKF jq oH ~nTH c^ @ A@ A@ cFcm AS c | 19 BS AcTS AaSq@f jce sF@f ~TA@ ~Scr c^ @ c A@S, AcrK @ j cr @@BS TMUcɰf ~^US BA۩ jce ~U-@ݰ ArQH @F AcrKgc ArQ ! ~TA@ AcAg^ AcTS OUS ArQ AcFU jAU ~c sc@ T Tɮ AcTS OUU, A@ا @d @S ^ U S @S ? c sZS ^ AaU, sTS AAS r j Ac ~q F @S qAUT, J iS Av oTO ަU A@gc ? AcerAT (?) AcTS-AaSq@f BF@A TRq sZS wة US, ZSR AS T AaU AcKAv sswF ^ @ A@ا @ U S @S ? jTS A@ BF@A @TA޴v A@ FA ~a AUR @ش ZU ZSAS c J S @U @ئAUR @ش ew @AS | ce ASf j Ac ~q F @AUS ɴAU AcKAv AS cɦA ^ TS @ Aw ccc oT@oT@ ZUS |

11q vc q A cr cUUS, ^@ATrS @S BS Sq, s cFcm SR @ ASBq ScS | ~TA@ TkU gkZ rnQ jc ~nTH Zc @Tq Wva -- j@Tn 1941 U BAS U c cTcKH @q TS ; ~w ~TA@ ~n^ AaU q k ~f 1812 U jce ~w q Hq U@Q AaU jc @ @T | ~S@AS cr rɮS SS OS Sq Z 11q vc j Tp TSK Ac Q @ fc Acɰ jce ^ @ATrS Q BST w U O d U | rK s^ 2002 U Sgc T TA@ػS @ew ~qS ɮ @U ^ @ATrS w U jce cr q @US q ~qS | @ATrS rF -- "Investigate the facts and circumstance relating to the terrorist events of 9/11 including all agencies, intelligence, law enforcement, diplomacy, immigration issues the flow of access to terrorist groups, flow of commercial aviation, the role of congressional oversight and resource allocation, and other arcas as determined by the commission." ~qS Zɩ UZ U (cAU@ U 127-306, Sgc 17, 2002), jc @B@T d @ U | cr Tq @ATrS S Ac TSSf @US ɽS AOc SA A@A@ ; Ac I iU -- A@A SpLofS @ATrS @p F ^OS Wv cS @T, AAS @p F oTO A @@ Z O @cS, j@T c ~Agsw OUU | A@A ASBq J cTS cFc AS c ZA̳ ST @r @ ~mf@ @US, U J jq @ATrS SpL R OUU S | rK s^ AS BA BF AcAU@S wgS vT @S j @BAv g R U | ~ J @f US qAS @ AScɻAO @ew AASAog ɽS TnFAv@ F AU FAT\vS | @ATrS F TSSf US Tv rBS -- JOBS AcAU@S jce JOBS TnFv |

@ATrS @B ިɰT d U cv, A@ا AZAvATAv Uwq qU cr rɮS ; @ATrS s wS AUUn Z OS A @ ~A, @H SA@ Bɩf ASޫ Qبu c ; @ATrS A c j Ac ~q j s c @TOf QF AS OS, @ ~A J @ATrS TS AB @ ; Bɩf ASޫ g Trnf @AUB q @ATrS TS rwH kc@ QF cS A@S q AS OS OUU ; cr ASBR T @ATrS TS QF A wAB AaUS, A@ا BSK g rK s^ Bf S | c AAS j@ jUS S, jUS A A@ OAS ; ~ ~w @ ~f@ qU s J j@ Wxv cAr T A cS S | AS B Tp TSK BSF A cɳ 3600 @ !

@ATrS F J @skn JAOr UQR cAr p AUU n aS ; rAv r 1200 BS TSK Ql@ ASaS -- J g cTS rɮS jce ɽS rɮS OOްm @TOf aS | J 19 AS o @rF SAS cFcm @aS jce 160 BS TZTAZ QFwH @aS | OTFS R @f J sM gkAT@ BASaS -- "our aims has not been to assign individual blame. Our aim has been to provide the fullest possible account of the events surrounding 9/11 and to identify lessons learned." fW AvAv ZU cI sc s @ATrS J @B ~S@erq U -- J ~@ K @B sSAS, A@ا sZSq @B wAUA c @ةcF ~cU Z wa, AU OZ ~CU A AZ AaS | ~TA@ ިAUr, w^, AQ, ~AgcɮS gpA @A AcgwAU jq oS j@Av Tc ~nTH BSF @Sgcq m䨩 AaU S | "We learned that the institutions charged with protecting our borders, civil aviation and national security, did not understand how grave this threat could be, and did not adjust their policies, plans and practices to deter or defeat it."

cTS BPSA@ Acr jq @ATrS F j@خkn J @B@T ^ @ aS jce j@@i, Tcgc J Av @r @ aS -- v Zcq gU @ | J ArAUR AcOQH R cAXokH -- AcrK @ aS AavS j@ BS w^ em jUTU w^@T@ bU AB j@Av Bɩf w^ Av rɮSofS ~S jce AcAg^ Acgw ToF swsw gk ^A @ O | BAS S j @ vS@ Sc A@S c gcAXo c A@S |




"They were able to plan to a level of sophistication that reduced to a minimum their need to communicate. Then our inability to intercept these few communications there were, shows how out of sync our current intelligence capability is with the challenges we're facing."

- VA̦ Sv cc wT




|| 4 ||

bɴ jq w^Av T gkAT@ A ̨, 438 p 13Av ~oF iɮcSv AccH R AcrKH ; cUfU, AST wF -- ަU TSq c S j@Av @ATAv X AO | T ~oF ST "~T ZU @@Av AcTS" jce d a BSA SF T --
"Tuesday, September 11, 2001 dawned temperate and nearly cloudless in the eastern United State. Millions of men and women readied then selves for work. Some made their way to the Twin Towers..." cFɮ, T @q @AAS BT iU ; ɰvf@AU OZ S U ̩ @ wUq U | A@ا TUc @S ? AaSq@A wcKH ~Ssf, JOAv @B AS ToF TUc @U fW SAUq snfeZF cO @T @ |

j@cq ^@ATAv Av T Sf̮, AcA@ wF S, sJ ca a@ ~w @S mv @ATAv BWSF AvAv aS J lAv ~A Bq cI cS | ~S@ @T ZO, ~S@ gU AFpA, ~S@ cAr sAkH, FTpXo jce v F xv | OAv AcTS sn AccH a s-Av em ~TA@ ~@r Q g q FAA jce NORAD (S˻ ~TA@S jmޮ A^ @TF) j AQ jce Ao AccH | @cɩɻ m jce OJOJaU -- "The defense of US airspace on 9/11 was not conducted in accerd with pre-ekisting training and protocols. It was improvised by civilians who had never handled a hijacked aircraft that attempted to disappear, and by a military unprepared for the transformation of commercial aircraft into weapons of mass destruction."

QHm Ac snfcf c AcTS cFc @S SS ~qA S | 1994 U Ac T ~UABA ^ɮcɰf U AB ~q j ~UAB j ^ 8969 Sc S AcTSAv AaSq @ jce H g AZ qUv@ ~r AcTSAv FA AA AS s | AaSq@A A@\S AaU snf T AcTSAv@ AS B ~qU vR o T | A@ا AcTS qUv cAXo ZAU AaSq@A i@S jce AcTSAv@ AS sS Tq AcTSc^ | ZS ɮf ~oɮTA@ cASf AcTSAv ~nTH @ AaSq@A AS @ snf R @Tf Xo @ | Zc c jq WvS q RT gc d @S s U AaSq R ~nTH BSF AcTS OU BS ^ɮcɰf BS |

AXf ~oF ST "SS ^ɮc AgA" RT AcS US R J UcU w Ri R Ri @AAS | ~TA@ AcdXo T \UZswF ^ɮcɰf TU Wv 1983 U cqdv TA@ػS TAS SASc v@-cT ~nTH -- 241 BS TAS AS AaUS c | A wS ^ɮcɰf AcdXo @S ~nTHL@ cFcm SSAS -- TA@ػS TAS UB Av OU ~ɮ AaU UcSS a | q ^ɮcɰf AaU qS-TA˻ Ar ABc\U wɤf -- RT ~crF WvSAv lA S v@-cT cFc ArQH | cf@UR Ar-A^ ^ɮcɰf ToF swsw R sAw ecɰ R wa | 1989 U (T) A cr rɮS@U AUAc ^ɮcɰf mvUF U@Ac wT oe @ AU FS ~FT 103 Sc S@ -- 259 snf ~@UTpF AaU AS | crR @S@T TA@ cFcm SSAS AUAc ^ɮcɰf AcdXo | Av WvS @q RT TS Acrɮ B^ s ~TA@ cU jce J AcdXo ^ɮcɰf @B@T OAU FQ rAm cS @T | q av @ d @ TIA ^ɮcɰf @B @ AAS R J U ~U-@ݰ ɩ A@ AS jce ~Agک @ c @S @\ BSF mA AS UwUS |

pf ~oF B TA@ػS @ ^ɮAcof A@\S AU Acr AccH, 1993 U Acr cAHBF @^ cT AcmH @ d @ | c ~crF ~of o AaU ASB c@AT -- Or U ~TS BT Z v@ gɦ ASAaU T UT jce v@ A cT Av q @S A AwAaU ~TS ̩ AS ; ZS R ~Q @AaU j Ac ~q | A@ا q ɬUF BSFq ި cFAv ^ɮcɰ Acof fc sXo S ~qS-rpeZU Q@f ިAUAr @B@T J | @ AAv rZ AAv Acgw @s@U Acr ~UOS a jZS | O˻ ~oF ~U@ݰ 1993 @ 98 AAv ^ɮcɰf Bv AAn @ SR cFcmAU ިeZSިeZ AccH ; 20 ~wmv 1998-j ~ɬwASmS Zm ~U AcS US j vASe ArAc ATqU ~nTH @ ~a ; q a @Ef R @AwU sXo @ -- A@ا 26 Ac 1999 j qAS jUqS 814 Sc S AaSq j @ Sq | @ AO AaU, @H ZSR cFcY AaU c-@v oU aA, @iSUf AO F @ AaU snf@, AaSq@f ~ɬwASmS ^ɮcɰf vASe ArAc ArQH jce ~U-@ݰ WAS | jq ~oAv A ɮfS @ ~TA@ ~ɰ QAq a |

ޡT ~oF 11q vc BSF AaSq@A AT@ mA 2000 U TITAI s^ | K ~oF SS N @ d @ 10q vc ~AN AcAg^ ^ Zc jce @ ^ɮ-Acof AAn | RArevS @ cU ^ɮcɰ TS @B s gJv ~, @ @ATrS cUaS cr ~Uwa -- "The Bush administration in its first months faced many problems other than terrorism." c@FAv q ~T qha AaU OJAO i "Like What?" @ATrS A@a BU sA AZaS, A@ا cr rɮS jq cF ɮfS OZ ަ T | j@Av TT A SpL R gfKH ZO Aw AOɦ @ػ AUZAaUS -- "Either al Qida is a threat worth acting against or it is not, CIA Leadership has to decide which it is and cease these bipolar wood swings." T ~oF @AASkn A s AaSq@A 9/11 j BSF mA AXf c | ި BvAv ^ @ AaU ~c @T ZO -- @ATrS Ac ~Ssf T @ rK s^ Tv ZO OUQ @ JOUQ U | v@ ݮ ZO cF ި UAvq AaU AAc -- cp @Fr v@ ̩ AiaS ewi@ @a ToFOF, TvU j@W j@Ao@ TSK cɮ @aS, 19 BS AaSq@Aq j@TZf (one-way) AcTS AvA@v n @aS J ~A^T S | jTSA@ jUqS @ɲAS TqUB A@\SR F AaUS T ~ɩ R ~ @@BS | ~nTH AZAv BASaS ~ɩ c^Ψ TAB AcSUArc@ -- qAv cpQ rZ, j@Av AcgBS AO ~ j@Av UAU, ~ɻl11/9, ~TA@ cq TSKBS @a 11q vc |

~T ~oF s ST "ް @AaU UU Acް e@ة"-- @ة@T Acް e@ة R AwAaU jce ~wF @ AaU, q ~QT R fWknf @AAS | "The terrorists exploited deep institutional failings within our government. The question is whether extra vigilance might have turned up an opportunity to disrupt the plot."j Ac ~q-j OTl@ sw jAaU BS AaSq@A@ wة @ --(ZAU ~U-ATo jce SRɬ ~U BAT), A@ا A ~sAw BSF c AS | "The simple fact of their defention could have derailed the plan. In any case, the opportunity did not arise." jA@ AAS TT w ިd oU BT ~ B@Aɮ TRq wة S cv, A@ا J ~SFSF AaSq@A @ػ AS @S ^ S | "A maximum US effort to investigate Moussaoui conceivably could have unearthed his connections to Binalshib. Those connections might have brought investigators to the care of the 9/11." A@ا , c s T ~cU ; RA@ AS WAS ~ ! As the CIA supervisor "John" told us, no one looked at the bigger picture ; no analytic work foresaw the lightning that could connect the thunder could to the ground."

ScT ~oF oemk @ Xo -- ިAUr cASf, Acw R oH TSK cfL R ~LFw @AAS ; ZSR SSS T AcAg^ gUgA^ jce AcAg^ em ToF sAw @dH ~gc | cR AcrcAHBF @^ Av vR s s U AcTSAv j ~Wɩ @, SfO U cAr gw TSKBS@ sɮT ~ޮH @ c AaU | rT ~oF sXo ~ZFS -- sAR RT jce T\U RT @rwR s^ mr @ U S pAcf j@Tn TrA ~ATAcnT ScASf | sAR T jq TA@ ~AgsS ST R AaU "~^fS SFAcO", TUTS oTAcr ~Wɩ Uwc cU \v SS ST Z "fWmf mofS"| rK ASAv ~oF ~f gUgA^ -- sɻUOS R AcrKH ; gAcKF BSF Ar -- "@f @ c" jce "@fgc @ c"| J R TrAU c ~Q ~Q TS SR c jTS r @ATrS Sq --"We look forward to a national debate to the merits of what we have recommended, and we will participate vigorously in that debate. AvAv @r JO-a Tɮ @v wa jce @ew AcAg^ @ATAv ~U ~UOSR OUa @ATAv Ar AS, A@ا w^cpA, F-ew, Bɩf ASޫ AcK rɮS@ bU BS @S l c O UQ @ sha S | rɮS T ~wAo@ jZS q@ sXo AXfc wHAc jce wAU sXo | ~O ~TA@ TkU gkZ ިS ^ɮcɰf ~nTH cS s k , jTS AO^ @R ASa@ AScAXo AO@ |

^ɮcɰf Acof T ~TA@ q @A˩ c^Ψ ~cS R @s@U @ػ ~ ZA jce AU Z AO AaU @ATrS | T : MA ~c --
ASrBS AcTS AaSq@A ToF S BSq MA ~c SwA@, A@ا BSF sS rAv @S -ALq Sq | ~ɬwASmS AUcS @@ s TAT @@Av mf@pA BASAaU MA ~c R A@mS ToF ~SFT | ~U-@ݰ R wU wU gc | 11q vc s Tk snfcf AcTS j gC ަAaU AcrcAHBF @^, Ai@ ZS (T) A cr q WAS swf ABT c@ jce e@ @UAO RArevS j@Av vU rUTr @AaUS RT gq rAw AcS US | rS s, AvAg WvSAv Z rAw ɩ ɦɩA ASB STvFwAv ZU UA@ ZS | Rq j@q T MA ~c r BS oSf R AcAr SwA@ ~TA@ ccɮ @AaUS -- ToF ~S@q MA BAc jce AcS US Ac F | AWA @ J cFAw AcTS c gɦ @ AcTS @ mr ̩ iS | ~TA@ MA ~c fWmf k A^ c^ AcS US AcS ~cU ~ABB cr Ac, cr rɮS c@U WAS c^Ψ | J mf AS q @Av ɩcF AS ~˻S @aS s ~FQ gc UR ^ɮc s | ~TA@ ~@r ^먽 c SAv Ovɻ AcTS 150 BS MA ~c SwA@ rFw AS ~S@q r UaS | @ATrS AcKAv AccOS @aS jce ~A@ A@a SAS |

A@ا AcKAv jZSq rK U S, AcrK @ Rq U ~^w ASBS MA scB Qn | 28r TO 2002, A@mS BUc j Ac ~q j o ަUS ~U-@ݰ S ~c Bcݰ | ABɮc T AAS @cU @US J ASAT swsw MA A^ ~T AcS UTS AcS ~cU ~ABB AsAS MA B ~S gq jce mpA @ cU AUS J cA S Sc jce U S Sc | ~ BS swsw -- B ~@ gq, A^ US AcS BU AcS vA@ػ ~U M jce j@ k @ػ ~Lf A^ AcS vA@ػ AcS M ~U-@Ac | Rq ca BUq T rK j@ g FTgc TpF WvU AS BSq | 22r BUq Yw TpF U 43 ca cA A^ ~T ; AS J ~^FAAn sc wA WvS TpF A^ US ; 30r BUq TdgkAT Tp ZJB R wU A^ | (Fkn -- nw ~ew AO w^ "cr wp, MAwp", @r 2003 |) Rq ASBS TSK@ ABɮcɰ @ U ݩ R s dLkH F, ^ɮcɰ Acof sXo BSF |

AXfݩ A@mS -- AUcS R ~U-@ݰ WAS c^Ψr | sZS ~ɬwASmS ɦ c^ TA@ػS ScASf AW oAaU AUcS sXo, ToF AaUS cr A@a A@mAS TA@ R ~q j ~q j ~Aخ | J o ަU A@mS A BfcS R O@بA qq Ac^ c jq cU AAS TA@ػS rɮS @a ~cS @S A@mAS a c | ~cS T jce A@mAS j AcTS Ai J U ~S -- Zc c: A@a AUcS FR J AU sS | (Fkn -- 2002 U SFq@ػ An@ T r c^) jq dLkH AcKAvR @S \UZ Sq @ATrS Av | j aɦ, ~c Bcݰ J mf@A @cU @S A@mS AcTS cASf oS j TrɻU Trɬ ~AU Tf ~w @q BSS 9/11 j @ | TfR TpF Wv j@Av FT AcTS WvS 2003 U cA T |

jaɦ TA@ػS BSoH g 9/11 j AAn ASR Av A@a \UZ @U gU -- A@gc pAcf rwAU c^ oH TA@ػS BSwH S ~gc BSF AA co W O s | j@Av H -- ~FABS BF T r cUcf Ae Ao vU ɲ (wFɮ mvrS) | rASc vc 15, 2001 AAS @mv@ @S wUS c j@v TA@ػS Bɩf ީ@ A@S wFɮ mvrS IUcS cU | @S @ cA AAS ZUS RU v xv QAwm Ac nH AcU OJ U ha -- cUcf 75 U S @US J oFT | j @@ Wxv J@ J @SW AU @ TU j@ r©@ c^@of | ިAUr @a ZSf mf@A -- "because he was dark-skinned, bearded and wore a turbah"| AS o AvAg Zha RT AcS US aAc -- @ T Z @ sha S, ~jc ArZ cFv@q T |

c ATAU F R AcrKH TpXo j@Av Av ; AUg s w^Av AUAZ R iF | q w^Av cmvU R WvS ~EOs A@a Sq | ~oAS@ TA@ػS qAɮ AS sJ ~wf J @a cqAv ~fc dLkH | qAɮ @ TAO ArQ wH @ S U AA@ gUAU ިScp c cS @q s | j@Tn gAcKFq cU c jQnR c A@S | A@ا cTS ^ @ATAv J g Odgc ^ @aS, j @ cU @S co Sq |

(cɮ, T, 2005)





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