cɮ c@mvɮ (kH)

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w\/TFOS/Sv@

SFɮ

c^/BfcSf/mpA/AF gK/~AgoS/qAɮ..

Arr/A@r

Books_in_English




 
MK ɩ

TSAr TOJ

~Scɰ : ~m UASS ZS





W b@ U@ب c@ cUU, BAT ~ɮa ! s @v U @AaAU , A A | R aɦR @ST OAU Sc |

TA^ W IJv AAhaU | U@ب A@ A cUU, ~a ZAU ASv v@ | R A AU @زcU ~ɮc @@ AS ? KT ɩ jZS - Z @cq c A@ @ ? cU R خU U A c, jZS S |

˩T Z U@ب ZAS@ JU | MKTɮ jc OUq ja | cU AcU @زcU aɦ WTS oF Sq-q cU OU | Tw TS U@ BAT S; oT@c, ~TS @c | rf TA A@, ~ް Ac c - jq gc U@ب R q c w (s R ST@ ATa cASa) S S AcAc @a Aw ZrTɰ @ oU | cUU, | ~ @SR ~AT c @ Sc |

TA^ Iv@ T ~ j@A@ Aw OZ A@ cUU, ~SF ZJB @rr c @a | S c j@c A@ c @c AT ? @زcU ~ T@ @ش c S | ~\U TUT ~R @ة @B cA@, rK q O S | ~AT cAU A@, cwɻ OK cɰ R ! T T OK @, R s خU R c Rq cA@ @B o o OU s | a R S @S jc ? ZAU @B ro @q sS B^Aa | v ݮ@A A@a @TR, ZT-vT cɰ R | v@ ~AT c S, A@aq S !

TS Ov U@ب cUU, R cv c@بAS Z c ~ A@ | IJI iU TA^ @S c@ c - BL a SA@ ?

@v TZ @ ަ S ަq R @JO@S gd Av ATAU wU | U@ب @ s ASTT F UA@ ~a sS R A@ cS BS SS ~ɮa TU @ |

TA^ @بUA @ v@ @v jS U@ب A cUU, OKcɮ jc a R | ASTBA @UR SAS ^ j@v wA c | @ OZ CAS q c S | ~ha @B - BAT OK ! s Bw @ c RZSq bU R ~ Ug gw R ZAU OZ CAS |

v@ AS cA wU U@ب | TS ha sS ASB @AUBvq ~B AaJ A sha | Bw v@ @ j@ ݮ j@ ݮ @ cJAO @زcU @S BSF U @AaU | jq v@ @vR ~B Z sha | j@@v @ذT TvR sS wAcS g S ަa |



2

MK WvWv ~Jo ɩ | ~ɮTS A@ OqU TS RR @Ja rf | U@ب Z j@o ~Z ɩ aɴAS ASO cJr TO R ިS Ov Oɰv TA A rf @Ja | ~ TO U m @ب@ب Bc v TZ JB rf @بJq @بJq @ OUa | WTS oF Sq @R |

Jv R ˨AS O O U@ب cUU, A@ Bc, rf @a ? cAU Sq @, cA Z wɰ ~T WT ? @f @ jAU jZS ? T jZS i, ~T A@aq @ Sq | U-ިA Z ~ɮAa gc ~w ~w M jAU | OJO jc ~B ިA |

Bc UB Sɦ UwU | Uc j@v q U T AOl@ A ~c O @ wU | T jUT A i @ a @ TASc WT ~ɮa S |

ɩ c @ Bc i Ai cU cU U@ب cUU, cIAU, @U @ ~ ~A S ~T Uw | SqU i Uwc | jq rU cSOɩ AEOT cɩɮ sS jc c̬ bU Aha | AZ, i j@ AaAUT T@ AB AS | ~v AaAUT cɦ @q AUT, ɩv @ST BS c | j-q OKc TB | @R @R @U @f خɻ FZ - W ~T c ~a | R @a rf sA ~R wT Uw Uc S | Tv Tv wA, U, @زcU ! ~ɮ@ AZ rf ! @U ~ @f - Zv Tc ~T ~ TB Uvc ~SF !

i w @ A@a BU^ ~e AS @U@ BU | BcR i cU | AaAUT vS vS U@ب cUU, ԩT@ vSUR AZ rf @T S | ɦ ~T R s jq ~ A@ |

Bc OZ gUcɮ a ަa | ZAU ~ j@v ɩ @ rf q c | @U A@a Z AcAa c | U ~ i Uwc S |

Bc c qv U@ب Jv U A TZ TZ UAw AU | wT wT ASrɮ U@ب w Uwa |

AaAUT vS rK @ U@ب ަU | jc pbA- s @q @ WT jc cq | Tw j@ ATASv s S s c@ @JިAS o wU | j@c jr A r, j@c Rr A r | A@ا rf sS ArO T c@ O ca |

rf A@aq cw TSa S Z i Bc@ ~m @ @U U ASU | T ɩ cAU cAU @Uq WT A A UwU | @TS j@v w^ ~ɮa @ب@بv w @ | c @ gU @ BA o U@ب c Z U | cr @@Tɮ jTS Z Z S | Bc gca, j cAI cr | ~ U@ب ɬ AU Bc jq cc @H @S ~TSco Sq | s TNc BA o ~a Bc@ | s wAcS @ ~B jq r Ua, A@ا @ TvR ʨ @ A Sq | ce jq ASAc Am ~^ cc@ B v @ Aa, ~U ~U ~UA@ة @ Ua ~^ cc@ ~H |

il A@a BS OU rN @S ~ɮU Bc | ~^ jq Am Bc ToF S JArco ݰ @a, TU i cɩR oF Sq @c @ | UA ve @ cA j W W @ UwU | U@ب @ @ cr @@c @U | Bc ~ɮU S | W W @ Z ~U ~U O A UwU | j@v BSF A ~, A@ا QبAH ~c av Uw | @ةcFco TS jZS ~@ Bw ZU @ ~a |



3

~R j@Wxv w U | ~B ɩ i i cɩɮ A rf ~R rAS Ua | U@ب i q Jv aA JB Jv J@ TZ UA@ cU, rf cR @S@S | TS ha w cc@ ̽ BT c̬ wa | cU Ar Ar c̬ OUOU @a | aS U j@c ~ɮTS A@ OqU | ɩ jZSR @ة cA@ ! AK jZSR ~o@ ~ɮTSR O Sq | i jc T OU jU cq S B vc | jZS AS WxvR w Sq |

U@ب Z @ j@ AbU-aɦ kq j@v ~TcwS | wa ɩ I d a, Ar Ar ɩ ~a cwS | U@ب gcU, cwS Aw j@ wɰ ɩ @بA ~wS BAU sA ̩T | jq ASAr @ش ɩ @ب ZU ASWɻl gk gc cc | ~crF ~T Z @R @S BS vSR WAv T Rl @ | jZS ~ j@ UTR c @c Aa S |

r Z Aw A@a UU j@vS AaJ AS j@v Iɦۨ cAS ASU | ~S oS WJv U@A AS cwS A@ Jv AU | R@ ~ɮ Z Bc UB S S R A@ M AU |

U@ب cUU, ~ q Aa S Bc | OU ~TcwS ~S S ɩ @بq w | w ɦ wT @ A j ަc | ɩ c A |

Bc T BcS A BAS UA@ OU cwS A@ OUU | waU WvWv ~Jo | ~ jq ~Jo rݩS cɩɮ ɩ IJ@ Aha | vv ArAr Jv I ަa UU @ |

T@ R U@ب ~OT@ TA بU Zrc U | jTS Zrc ~ɮa @@ , Bc ? Aha S ?

Bc @ BAS j@v A a, AOcha | TAv ~S Z U@ب ɩ B @ d @U | ZAS@QH ToFq j@wɰ ɩ B @ UU | i ɩ BT wa, ZAU- qvR ~cr ~ɮa | c ɩ fAT j@v ɦ BAT UU | ~ ~S oA rf ɦc |

ZAS@ cq ~S ɴ ɴ @ BU UwU | ~S ArZ i UU A@ sha | q OU ~U cwS c wa Z TS ha T WvWv ~Jo g @ ~a | ~Jo ~ A jq ~U sS SM@ T jA@ RA@ U U OUa |

U@ب w wT @ AS ~S TS cU | ZAS@ c w rUv ZU AS aS JB ASU, q aA cU - gcv jTS sS rf@ c ~CU Zha | rf ~fT rA@ Ai Aa, jq B\Uɮ TS o Z oF @بUha S |

Bc@ cUU, Bc, ~ rf Uwa S, q S ?

Bc W W @U, sS cU Oqa, A@ ~c rf jZS ?

jq ZUv ~T ~wq @ AO AaU, U rf j @c S | Bc UB SɦU | Ai@ ~a, jZS ~Sv UA q, A@ cAU ? AZ @TS A | Tw ި v wU Rq cU ~AT Sq |

Bc g g ~S A@ @U |

AZ ~c TA^@ cU AAc S @U@ | U Iw S-cJAo R aɦc S |

cUq j@v Uɬ A ~S v@ wU | ɦ aFJ@ UwUR ɫ AU S | Bc ~S r A W @a jU | U@ب cUU, ԴJ, j U S | B UA ~ | cU UA Rr OU wU |



4

ɩ c ި aq | cwS ~c ~Jo a wU | aq U ɦ ~S wa, cɩ Iv U U@ BU Ri, ZAS@ cq ATv ATv @ @ |

U@ب ~c Oɰ A ASB@ gU @ BU | wT aq r c SS @ wS wq UwU | w ɦ wT a cv, A@ا sq rf ަ oU @ @بJAT cU |

Bc Ac@v AOl@ @ Z A@ av AU | U@ب cIU j TS Z cS BS sk STa | SfU cU | SO ~RB AcUQH a | TS U Z O cha | A@ sS ZJv ZJv Zha - ~RBR R s |

R gcU, S, Bc @ @S BS Z fT Tɦ @ S | Bc R@ AaJ v@ v@ @ Uc | ASWɻ ~T gU ha | @q, ~ ~RB Sq ? A@ S A@ S cAa |

J@ ɦU , Bc ! Bc !

Bc W W @q sha, @a ~ɮU S |

Z @ئT @ AOAc ZR ~RB ha | jc ~ gU Sq | Tw, a iUR TS o vS ha | j B @ ca, jq rf i Z Aw BS ɦS cB ~F TS U | R SU S |

B @ AU , AU, AU........

Bc ~c W W @ iU | خU sq S @ ia ~TAS BS U cc@ cɦ @ Aha | cr خU a jc ! ~ jq cSOɩ BSU cc@ ccɰ @ Aha | TS@ jc cJo i @@ @ذT jAw wU | A@ا ~OAc Acha aJO SS j@ Iv@ cɩɮ j @ sS U بAv AU | A j ASg ASg ~S TS c i w j@v wT @ AS UwU | SfU cU U Z aZ @ Aha cU Bc wU Av AOl@ AOl@ @q sha ~ U@ب ~T c ~a wT aq r | R OA@ jZS ~UAT ~ ArAU j@ ~AcrɮF cBU | rU gUgc BA aq r wT TAv w jAU AU |

@U sZS WT gCU ZU OA@ IUTU ɰ ZU @a | TA^ @a R@, ԮAS WTS TUc @a SA@ -- jQH jZS ~T @Av AU ~ RA@ Z Aw wv Z cv cB wa |

U@ب i cUU, ԩq A@ jqTn jAU Z @ ?

J, cc@ aZ wa | ~ AT Rgc WTha ! ve cAS U ݰ A@ U ?

U@ب ɬq wq UwU, T T @ST ɩv UT ~ q ~Aa خU AO^ | A@ s vcF @AaU, A@ ~ cUc @ !

qBS Z Or W Z UwU | ZU, wv Z TɦS, Bc ve j ASO AOl T SS ~a |

aSa sR Z OZ AmAScXo | TA^ TZ AcK a | U@ب ZAr |

TA^ cUU, ASTBA @ jZS ZBS ro @ w |

^K A U@ب cUU, rf@U ɩ ~T@ ~ jZS @v c S |




TSAr TOJ TSAr TOJ ~ɰ ST oSީ , TOJ J aXST | cU , AAS ~oAS@ AA^ AF cO rATS @Ar\f | B^ 1880 S g cHf @ O TqU UTA wT | AcA@ Tsɻ @m | ~cm^ W ^S S UR A ~ AAS gU @T ArQ @AaUS | AAS sZS UZ oS ZS q @U AUZS | 1900 U AA^ ~^US B̰ U AASR q ~^US j@L WKH @S |

A@^, Um, @U T@ػ, TL w^f TZ Acm gc J AaU | J w\ T^^, wA^cɰ ~ cT^ sTS o , TAS wT BAT, Bɩ, OK-gK, , A cFcA, rBfcf ToFAc rHf, rAT@, TS@, AЩ, PcF R A@T U-AcrK @ ~mprF, TBcAB cA̽ U@ ̽Te AS i ~ | A^-TUTS @F jce ~Bɰ g̩cK AaU J m | AcrK, g̩cK wTɡU J OS cO c H |

q r@ UZ@ BfcS TOJ OMv SFɮ, rAS@ avw\, rZS@ c^, ~eZF ɰ@f, BT, AOnSvF AUZaS | J cO ZFɩST SFɮ wɰS | AAS 1936 S j^@U @S |)

(cɮ, ~vc, 2005)



~UH : BAK cS



jq UZ ~S @TS UwU ?




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