cf^S R A@ ~S

Tf S




. A@ gFS ~S
(Dr. Frederik Van Eeden, 1860-1932) AaUS RU^B AF ~SFT oS @Ac, SFA@, SvF@, AF TUO@ | ccf UZ@, r AaUS TSmLLAc | UZ ToF A J PX @Ar a—j@ A@ Tl PSA@ة MJaS BSF J ~A, ~SF A@ ASB@ ASfS @ sMSɦS | J ~S^S SF (1911) S@ j@ Arr, ZJB cha F @@ cU | J @Ac jce Sv@ ToFR @r a j@q cFA mɩ^Fco, sMSɦS jce l AO^m BSF pG |

ɽA r @S ~TmvɦɻT @—jZS J if c^Ψ ToF AaUS qUUT (Willem Kloos) jce ~FUcv gR (Albert Verwey) | 1885 U AAS jJ ݩ De nieuwe gids (The New Guide : SS Arf) ST@ j@Av BSAn@ c AUvU TFwABS @r @S | TB@ @fgc cUS sɰ q AcK AS dH UZ@ jq An@ AUZS | AAS UF AUg̮T-j @a cɮT ST@ mS j@Av AAS@ mS @ ~ʮUS AOA@l (Physiotherapy) ~̯ @S | 1898 U AAS TA@ػS AO^Ac - ~ɰr ~SH @ R\S ST j@Av @pAKASg @UAS A @S |

gFS ~S-j cFAL AaU cTZf, TkU SfAcɰf | J AcK ~UO@ vUmv* J SS ɰprF UQ @aS | c AXo R cɰSc 1922 U AAS TS @FAU@ oT swS @S |

sMcS r R r cq J ZFA AaU TkU ~ɰrcɰf TAB@ oH c@, A@ا nT AAS AAF@ Acq AAO RiS | J cO AAO OS U j@Av SFɮ De Kleine Johannes (a BS), SS Arf An@ T eZF cAAaU, The Quest ST qeAB ~SkA (1907) | j@BS ~A oH TSK, Or pAcf @i cmc , ~rfS AAO c ia | rK s^ TSK gU @ ToFq BfcS ~˻ ZJB | BfcS A S@ jq pAgA@ j@AvTn c@F ~@pA AaS ~S—sZS TSK, sZS :ZcS, ZS Aq ~T | f@oTf jq @ @ASfAv J@ AcިU ZFA jS |

T BfcS ~S A^ rS X, AcrK ~L oH X AcrKgc gAc AaUS | AH BfcS AAS vmvxv @ TS @FAU@ sS |

~S jq SfAco s @cUTn UZ ToF A @r @aS q S | ~TA@S UZ@ SA Ag - ~ɰr ~SAH J R\S (1854)-j ~ɰr UF cɮT r j@Av Tc eW A @AaUS AAS—R ST AAaUS R\S | jZS@ F ASB BSf ABASn sɮc ASBq m䨩 @ ASS, @U Tm cF TS gw gw @ ASS | ~S ASB BfcSsn s TS ~gFm AaUS O ~S@ AS TS BfcS @vS jZS |

qeAB wfɵAU i @ ~S cf^S g AH S | AAS cf^S@ UZS (28 BUq 1912) :

...~AT ~S wfɵAU ~T ASB TɩpgK BT @Aa | j @B sZS @A, TS sS ASBq wS pA @Aa ~AT | jq @AcU s @a ~AT MJOAa, j @a ~ @ش MJa a cU ~T TS S—~ pAcf ~ASq j@Tn TSK sJ@ ~T ASB O c TS —~^ wS | ~AT s r TI TI crAo@ q, ~AS ZS@ mf SwA@ |...

(AcBfcSf, Z 6, p. 126 @ ~SkA)

j AS AS AAS cf^S@ UF AST^H @S |

jq nAcAST U g ToF j@ fWmf c^Ψ knɩ | : ~S@ UZ cf^S AOAiAU AUAAOn rA^AS@ةS cf^gcS ew a | cf^S J@ UZS, ~Sc cF AAS -mvFeRB@ AB @cS, ~ UZS q Fw @c ~w J Z R cS @ | : ~S J@ A coS @ AOAi S, cf^S J@ fW R ~cwkH AOAi UZS | J Tcݮf, ~S j@ ca c | ~S@ UZ j@Av AOAi @ J A cf^S TSgcAv ~T ~STS @ A :

A c^Ψ,

~AT jZS ɽ ɩ @ ASypA qAS— aɦ ~T @Ac cqAv cc, ~T cpAUR cq ~@ @Ar c—jq c cFcm @ cFm ~Aa | U ~v@R ~Aa qeU | q Tr sc r @ cq Aa q c ~U gTH @c cɮS ~T w ia, A@ا BAS S ic A@S | @H ~T ިn R ިncok ~T OUaS, jce ~S r gTH @ ~T Q cq cFݮQ |

c^Ψ ~T@ Acrɮ @dS, ~T Y ~S A oAc ha A@ا ~AT ASd c ~Aa | ~S s gK ~T@ @ cU c ~T ASB gK S | ~T ToF r s ~a ~AT wS @r @A—S, ~AT @r @A cU A S— ASB ASBq cA ~ | ~T ~ABwA@ TS, s M^s ToF A ~S@ @r @, ~T rɮS ~f—~T oH cFAL ~SF U@ TS Acc R UAB @ | ~T q TS , ~AT sS j@Av cJAr—cJAr @ cU S, A@ا بJ ަU wS w Ri | ~T cq jq @Av ~AS ASEOq UQ @aS ; ~T sZS Ql c ~AT ASB@ @ZSq ~S TS TU o c S—f ~^@, @S ASBm gK Sq—gK ~a oTn ~U |

Z Aha ~T ~S@ c^ΨUg a s ~T @ZS Z c S—A@ا ~AT J ATAU A ~T Dr ToF—~T AS ɮS ToF A ~AT J @a ~T @pک R gUcɮ AScS @ Aq |

AS^ ~S

cf^S i@ب

(TkU ШAUA AAUA : cf^gcS, rA^AS@ةS | AUv Uvɮ ~c cf^S vw, p. 122 @ ~SkA)

4 vc AZ : ~S gAcKFXHf gA J@ UZS :

... ~AS ~A ArwAwq q j@BS AcZFɩ TSK cU wHF cS | ~S AcK ~AT Mercure de France An@wɤf g j@Av c^ ަUT—TS ~S ZFA AOmf c... q ~S cHf q @T BS, sTS BS TdgkAT TIZS j@ U BU | @H, q ~S T J [Dr : Him ] cFZFɩ ~ @ش Sq—@S oT Sq, @S rS Sq | pAcf ~Q @ ~a, ~AS j ~S @ R wS A TSK@ HA @cS cU |...

(AcBfcSf, Z-6, p. 425 @ ~SkA)

s c^Av ަc @ jZS : ~S \UZ @aS, q g q c^ S cf^S c^ ~wA^ AaUS BTɻS @Ac qS TA AU@ |

~S-j @ wfɵAU- O ~Scɰ @Ar 13 Sgc 1913 AZ, sAS cf^S@ ScU ިm R @ WAK ha | cf r ca (1913-23) AAS nT^ ~Scɰ @S wɦS, RS T ~c @cf, nxv TkS, oS (2 Z); AOn; QبAo KH (w\ޮew: q Z); W cq; AشABAvg; jce vw r @ ST Aa^n @ AScɻAO ~er | @Rq AAS ~QA@ ~Scɰ @SAS, gcScɰ @aS ; cqAU cAa av av, ^ O—jq cAv prF cq ZS UF Tm cq @S A@S R s | AcިU BSAݩ ~BS @AaU cqAU, @S @SAv ~BR Acmp AS—~^ wfɵAU R @cf ިSTA a 1950 jce 1957 U (cf^-B^rcK s^ T Ac) |

fW@U . ~S-j cf^S c^ΨLkH ncFc a | TI TIq AAS cf^S@ UF ~ɮ ~So @ iS | cf^SR sc qha AaU S S, sTS, T AcrsXo ~̯ c Ai@ ~w j@Av AOAi AAS AUZaS (13 BUq 1914) :

...TS ha vc s c S | AF sA s ̩T, ~S AO , TSK gU @c ASyU , @S UQF ~AgTZ S Aw FrFfSgc @cU j@ A@\S @ ~@ A@\S UA c S , U ~S^R ީT AcrTR Ug | jZS@ j@Av ASmNo ~U ~T j@Av cAe mU ~a ; ZS ~AT @BR @ A, ~c AcrTR cFWɩ Wv S | AF@ @S c @ S jU jZS @ ~T S qha @ S | q @T @ jAaU sZS ca ~w q A@ sn @AaUT | @T @ ASEOq ~c ~ɮc—A@ا BSF ~T@ ~Q @ c |...

(AcBfcSf, Z-7, p. 23 @ ~SkA)

~oAS@ qf gF YfS AcK cf^S R ~S pAgA ~S@v j@q @T AaU | AcrsXo@ UQ @ ~ɮA@ rArS cfgl Sr s q @A˩ ^ BAAU@ TɩU @ Ua, jq Bɩf T J gq AOAin j@Ao@ c @r a | : ~S 15 ~vc 1919 AZ AOAi Bcc cf^S J@ UZS (19 Sgc 1919) :

...TArSwS R sXoAcTSAU q@Agc TpF c @ OUa ; A@ا sXoQn cq @S @B Uwc jAU ? O R @بlA ZUS R aɦ jAU A@ ~ @S ~@KH ~a ? AcS @MrU AcK kH ~ TSK sZS jAU Z Tk@ ~ɩ ~Aggk c, ZS Z A c j@Tn , @S @T TSAc@ ~cw s Ac^Tn gAc @ S | ASB OZ@ ~T Acrɮ @ A S, sZS AcS @MrU Sc AH R TSK@ ASm Sf R Ar ~oAS@ةT THm cFc @ AZ | Rq c g ~m w @ @S @q Sq—R j@ Tn ˻@ة U R ~mgAc@ @T ~e@f TAU@ ~SF@ g Zc Ac |

q TLL R ̩ s qAɮ, A@ j@v w\@ Tn ? SA@ TSc jq ~TS ިfgk Ric AaS ~SF @S wS @H ~a ? ~T c^Ψ, jq AcިU AS ~T Y ~S Aq oAc ha, @H Tw q TSF s @BS TSK ~aS sJ jq Pc@ Ar@ئۮT lvS @ O @aS, ~AS J ~SFT |...

(AcBfcSf, Z-7, p. 450-51 @ ~SkA)

BAUSRUcw F@ WvS* (13 jAU 1919) Ac ԮF Ao cBS (31 T 1919) A@a AS : ~S cf^S@ UZS (20 Ac 1919), ...ɵc s Spre WvS Wv wU, AAn ~S ԮF Ao cBS WvSAv q ~T cq ~F^ l@F UQ @Aa | ~T @Uq ~S @B re R T˻S @A—qeU ~crF ~S jq @B Zcq @i AAn a |... : ~S J@ cc ST@ػ sc BSF AST^H BASaS, cf^SR sc Zcq qha AaU, A@ا SS @H 1920 U ~w J ST@ػ sR Wv RiAS | 1 cA 1920 AZ ~S@ UZ cf^S ~ j@Av AOAi :

...Tw pAcf q s @f ge@ cSr F @a, AS r ToF A ~T cI Aa | AcS s rA ~a c ިfgk @ ASB O:fT cq pAcf TSc O̩T ~TS @ F a | S s AcS S, ~L S S, U TSc s j@ R ~AcgBF jq rK F ~SgkAU@ cq @ sha; TSc AcdXo s ~SF s ~TS OUa, c q A ~ɮc | A ~T r qeU @ j@Av ~SS j MJOa, A̬T AcU ST— ~T A@a ATH mݫrɮS c ~rɮ R a | A@ا AcU S S, sA AaS c TS S @ ! ~T TSA@ wiS sA S cU c Tm cq rK s^ ~Agr scA c—S ɩ s S @AaU cJ ɩ OA @ Sc |...

(TkU n AAUA : cf^gcS, rA^AS@ةS | AcBfcSf, Z-7, p.461 @ ~SkA)




qS A. ̮-j ~J@ aAc, 1920, F w
(TFAɮ T-j cFAw ew @)


1920 U TITAI (cf^S jZS ~c qeU) J @a UF sc ~T^H j MJaU; ScU ިm AST ~Ssf qAr ~F@AT J cp @c @ AaU, @ BS AS@vcf ~ @@Av qf r J@ AST^H BS | UF J cpTU S BSF j@Av @ATAv wAi , jce @@ AS ToFq UF SS AS R cFA @a @ SS ~T^H cS @ c AOAi j MJa | lA cf^S c^Ψ ~S@ UZS (12 BUq 1920), ...~S r gTH T ~S Z c sw BSF ~AT w ~Q @ ~Aa | gTHkAO Am Uq ~S@ BSAha |... ~c 20 BUq AUZUS, UF ް޻H @q ~S swsw @ c cU ~r @Aa | qS jce SR ST@ػ—ST@ػ @ UF sc | ArQ AS s @S @T fQASfQ OU@, ~T l ~a— aɦ @pK@ ToF Tc ~^US@ aA c BSF @f @f @ ha, R ~AT BS ~wf | g c Bg R cAUXf A Oq, @ػR A@a BS U gU |...

UF cf^S@ sAO ecoS BSS BSF j@Av @ATAv wiS @ AaU ; j rZ Acmp AaU SS r | @ATAv @sAScɻf ɰ@ AgwgS BASAaUS, UF SS mS cc BSF ~S@AU cA J BSF ASA @ Z ~a, ~ fT^ mvrS AAS ASBq Amϩ @cS s \@-@ةpQ \UA AS J mr S @ | ɩ v T vS ~TmvɦɻT-j MJa | J ~ɮ ecɰ @R O @ AS, U mvrS Ag AaU S ; c : A@ gFS ~S Amϩ AaUS | f^S J A AUZaS, J TZ Z TS AhaU ~B@ cFcmS AAS ZAr SAS—c AAS @S ~AcoR pA @SAS | mvrS cq j Tv @ J r @ 15 TqU k qBS-j MJa q. jqO. gFS qWS jce TA gFS qWS cJgJ A Tfcf ɮT cA qSS (De Duinen)-j ~AF wH @S |

~S-j J Ql 20 vc 1920—A@ا QlAv Z AS | jqAS @U AgwgS R ~gF˻S @ATAv @@BS F jUS @TkAO Am @c BSF | : ~SR AaUS | j ɦɩA @ ̮kAO PA @ R AcrK @ ~Tبv qxvSFrSU mU ~c AUA cp @ mc J ~A AaU, sAR wF AS | AS UZ j@Av AOAi J Qg cF a : ~AS cUAaUS BS swsw WkAH ToF ~AS Ac OS S ; A@ا jZS ~AS B ToFq IJ A OUaS ! ~AT ~S@ Q @c O @AaUT, A@ا ~T O ިިA cF˻ a |... rfs AgwgS ~F^ cmccAXo^ gU@, A@ا AAS qA—jce qA BA Tm OAnUQHq J ToF a | AAS ~wTf Q@U o ~S w Jv @cS, jce BfcS r T@ gw @cS | A@ا TSc @f rF Ao c ?... J @TkAO jTS @S J@ @c S sZS ~AS O @ @ cS A@aQH, ~c wgf @ cU cS jTS c TSK sJ TSc Q @ cU cS | cf^S@ ~Ao@ @ Z jq ~@ Acr R r ~S@cq Z wa, sJ q ~Ao@Ug cA aS J Qg TI TIq cɻ@F R Ac O AcmA̩ a |

@skAO Am sc cf^S : ~S J cɮmS cɮT-j sS | : ~S TFcɰf ~ɰr ZS j@Av BSް w U OAaUS, A@ا A@\S ~gc J ɮ cF˻ | f^S J A AUZaS, ...J @ػ ~T @Uq cr A@kU oH U | J @cɩɻ ToF @R ~T TS @S cAXoT c corA a ~Acy @ UT S | AAS s j@BS ɰpAĮ^ cFA J ASB rR @ش mf@ @ cU TS U S— BSF s Zc K R s R S |... jZS f^S ~crF ~S Zc AcO @SAS—J AOAin cAXoT c corA a S @U cf^S jAS o J j ~^ @ ~ɰSS @S S ASEOq | aɦ, q r TSfKfwH s ~S@ rXo OZ ZS cf^S@ AUAZ T UJ () AOAi J AcK S \UZ Z ~STS @ s [. A AT: vw : 41 Se AOAi, p. 53] |

c jTSR R c s, : ~S AOAi ASB@ s TU o S TSɮTAS @cɩɻ v S S | H Ac : ~SS J A AT. vw e@US s AOAiZAS cFc @aS [17 Se AOAi], Av U AUq ccFAv A^ c | AOAiAv qeAB cU jce cSS ~Am, A@ا Dear Brother KH @ rK gha BSS s^ s gcAv بv ia mĩ @S ~gc Sq :

R\, cɮT, UF

7 BSA, 1914

A gɩ:,

eAQ cv, A@ا c s AOAiAv AUZ aS BSF ~S @a ~AT @p | Frankfurter Zeitung-j ~AT s AUZAa sZS i cS ZS cIcS, @f ~g^gc ~S TS @ o Aa ~AT | Dr q, cr ~S Acn fimSAv@ oSAr@f R TɡAr@f X ~n^ cS S | @AiS c ~S@—@H TS AL US @c @B ~S |

~r @A ~T ~Sc av cqAv ~S MJOa | Tv @T ZAaUT—T emH @@ AS ToF AcAn wa | jc TF@ATUS cFcm @ ZAr Aa | ~r @A Ug v@v R S Aw ~S sc | ~T TS , ArQcFcm AS s fQ @B ~AS ASaS ZS v@ c T @B Uw |

~T cqv Ri T SAS S :AZ UT—sTS ~r @AaUS AS, BBR ަc T SAS | ~AT ~S@ ~T ~ j@v cq ަ Oq, ^ TSc, AS q@ػ cU B ~F @e @ cAa | ~S ~No @T j cqv dL @UR @ , j ~T ~LPBcAS@ T^cFU ~a, ~T BfcS ~Agک ~a |

~T EOF TSK Oq, ~AS ~SAH SS BF @ ~T sF @dS | cerSnAT@ B AcK s @بlA @بem ~a jc TA Wv AO | TScBA ~oFAL@ SpL j@Tn AASq A S AsAS FA, AsAS AgrUf, AsAS T AS@v @ T cHf Ug @aS |

ިA^, Bɩfݩcɰ jce kcem̮Tk @بgc @ kH T @S FT TSKq o S TSc ~oFAL@ @ز @Jv@ ASB A@ AA Z—jq @T j@Av cFcm cS A@ ~T A@ c ~Aa |

~AS aɦ jq Tk ~ @S BfAc TSK @ ~AT TS @ A S, AsAS jq AL AS QT | Of ~S@ OS, ~S@ gUc | fOfR ~S@ mf@ @ ASa | @ rfW ~@c q ~ɮS ! ~T cpXo Tɩ ~aS, ~T Ac ~a, a ~AT s A S—SU ~ATq sT ~S @a |

~S gɩ @a @ @U gha

. g. ~S

(. ~FU ~FSS A A AT. vw : p. 22-23 @ ~SkA)




qS A. ̮-j ~J@ aAc A@ػ F, 1920, F w
(TFAɮ T-j cFAw ew @)



cɮ, BSA, 2011

jq UZAv ~S TT BSS



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