qAɮ ~ @Ac

AT Oncf


s @SR Ar\ pA a U T@UfS qAɮ, s-@SR Ar\ޮpA@ AW @ T R mr - j F jq m:AXo s mĩ @S Ac@ػ @ش UaS cU BAS S | A@ا cf^S@ ~T ~^ j@Av c^ ZUZAUgc jq oH Acf ~AgT @r @ ZAa |

cXoc c@ cf^S j@Av n@ c^ AUZAaUS BfcS j@c ~A^T c | @Ac An@ 1348 cN ~ArS eZF q c^ @Ar AaU ԮAF AA@ة ArST | cf^S ZS ɩ aS | @Bq o AS c jq c^Av s AAS cUAaUS J AH c R AH TS AO^ R gcS ~AgcFA | cf^S c^Av d @aS jqgc -

"~T s qA Xq j@^ OAU, j@ c c SAa jce c c Ag Ag B T SAa |"

jq T Sɦ T˻S S, ~-T˻S | q cf^S cUS - "j @ػ TfTe ~T ASB ~^q ~a, sZS ~AT ~ A@a Sq, @cUTn @Ac | ZS ~AT pA@ةɻ, ZS ~AT j@@, ~AT T, cA c WvSި X BUcXo Sq | AA@ AЩ ~T q @cFpA @^ @ ~T@ vS jS U sZS, ~T v ~F |" (AF AA@ة, AF m w^ ~^g, Acrg̩f emH 1350 cN, p-57)

cf^S jq A ~T gc | ~T TS s, AFq cf^S @Ac T@UfS f, TAB@ jce AA@ @S WvSq FQ \UZ Sq | OS ^K U @ TpF TkAv s^ g AcAvr rɮS FQ AAmA ToFq BfcS ~AcA @AaUS AAS | ~^ j@c qeB rɮ@ cg ~r ̰ @c Ac STAaUS | ZSR @i J @UU AaU S, AaU wS | qc wSAU e@\ @ ~a; ~a , rMs, FAS jce rT f cHf | A@ا 1905 c 1312 cN @S \UZ Sq | ceU j@ R TTmrf f AAS OS @AaUS q UQF | A@ا AcAvr rɮ@ A AcdXo @S FQ A J @S wSq R s S | BSF cg ~^US T AO wSAU AO@U rLco jce ~LrA Bwc f@ wR s s-@SR T |

cm䨩 AO@U, ASF@U, ~SA@U, ~cTS@U cɩcH ToFq sS AO cf^S @Ac jce wS | T mr kH jA @ A@aq c S cU J @Ac @R @R AcrK @ ~ZFS AgA@ @AcAU T@UfS TB Acr-AAmA بv ia | sTS ԰q AcW BAT @AcAv BATA sw AUAZ - @SR er @ S | AcBS @Ac wɮw ^S AcBS s AOn ~a; @FTAU @Ac ~a @U@ɩ vT s aAcAv - sF ~T TAv@ ~STS @ AS A | A@ا T S @S U AZ FQ \UZ ~T cf^S @Ac @ZSR q S |

@H jq S s AcrK gcq AcAvr-Acof @S A @c IJA@ @ ASB@ A ZAaUS cf^S | J avw\AU jq FQgAK kH ~SAmϩ S | TW R M w\ qeB rɮ@ ~SF lfS AAS ZUZAUq AZaS | Bvf@ w\ qeB g mc@ cCAU O@بABfcf ASUB KHcpA@ fQHAc @aS AAS | cST w\ qeB ިAUr@ ha @ TLL A @aS Accf S@ | J SFR, U AZ \UZ A@a ~m @UR Tv AA@ WvScAU j@c ~S\UAZ @AS | w, W-cq, O ~oF mHf | A@ا @Ac cf^S J @Ac gc A@ @ZSR TB jce qA cmc@ U ~Sc @ gcAaUS ?

ԮAF AA@ة c^Av Z s Ay gKq Ar\ FQgc AA@ cɩcH OS AcdXo cf^S T^cF @aS Ac-A gA |

"j@AS mU @ j ~T AEOT c^ JA j@ ~A ~EOs cF ZAaUT | o cA @ wo j O Zha Wɮ - jq woAU AcAvr TBFSfA cSS wo S, j ~T TB AO@U wo, j cFc @S cFAnT AS ~A@U @ - ~ j@Av wgf m w Ov Aha | jq-s H vS ~T OZ AaU ~B s^ ~AcmHf qU |"

(kcɻ c^, p- 58)

Xop ~erAv AO@U jce ~A@U rNc^-Av UQHf | cf^S @Ac T jq ASF@U UfUq lA̩ a oS | AAS sZS T ~SgkA @ cUS ZS jq UANo BA @ q ~SgkA-

~T BS gA jAa swU T / ~SA@U Y l / ~T BS @AAa ZU @Av AT@ TI / Ac Aco SS AUU, ATUS To UB (~S^ T, TSf)

jq @AcerAvR ~SA@U Y l c@Fer w T-~SgkA ASF@UfS kAO a |

cf^S @Ac AZ j@B^ AT@ kcB^ S ݮf ^S A A B^^ | (m, @\S) @R @SR co Wv S | @U^ sS @R AW @ S cf^S @AcTS@ | T T AAS QH@U @R cUaS ~crF | sTS -

     AO@U c T T @CU
         j@ cAU OR cU
     jq QHv@ب @ q AO@U
         sA AT gU
     TS @c S ~AT r T
~ɮ sR A@q ZU c X

(԰TOS T)

jZS s QH@U @ cU a -R A@ا AO@Uq ~ j@Av | cMXo rAS@ sTS BfcSo@ AcAha^ Tk ocA@ c cU TS @aS jce mf@ @aS q c ~S^@, cf^S jq @AcAv QH@U sS AO@Uq ޻H |

j@Tn s @AcAv cf^S j@Av @UcO@ rN cFc @aS @Ac ArST Av U 1400 U (AOn) | A@ا @Ac ަTnq ~Sgk s ASAgc 1400 cN c 1993 AZmvN@q @Ac ASr @ OaS jTS S | @Ac cTS@U JA ~Sw jce ~^fS gAcKFl@U s-@S @Ac i@@ r @ OS @aS jq @Ac - "~T c^wS T c^AS oAS @ QH-"

jq J ~^ ~AgUK | ~wTf AS s-@S @cF̮A Tk - sZS ScfS \SAS | @U c^SfS | @Bq jq AXo^ @q s s, cf^S @cF-@\S A̮ ASA ASQH cJo ASA WvScAU- ~ɻl AXo AA@ة, AFq TS dL Sq | - "~S pAQn cf^S j@, @S qAɮ @ oH cJoAS" | - AUZaS cf^S ԮAF AA@ة c^Av |

c^Av AO a OA\Ur r@ d | q T g mofS-~^US nTq BU ~ BAvU ia | @ew, TAUT AUw, @ATASmv Av jce AcAvr B mA@ @ػ iAaU co jce @بAvUT | AXf AcrsXo q AAmA@ @AaU ~R WU | c c A@a AcAvr-Acof Bɩfݩc ɩ cU R ~Acf iAaU nTq | AAmA jTS AaU cUq 1942-j w^fAB- Q J g̩ a ~^US r AAv @H @q AaUS ~gkkc ɦ |

q T ceU @Ac BSfA-OS rT AO ~U AaU S | w^fAB ST A\UAZ a ~S@ @Ac @Ac | Fw, ~sw, A-~AgsS, AcAr ABAS c@v; ~SFA@ ~Ac^, QبAT, ب\U O@f, TAS@ةU cT TTU, ~^TS @wp, TɩASf, fAU, OwT ~mw UxiS- jcq ceU @Ac @T cAr mS AaU |

1905 @ 1940 s^ Tc ceU TA@ n ZUUq jBɩf @Ac ASrS OZ ަc | A@ا cf^S @Ac TS AS | BAUSRUcw F@ AcOAU cf^S qeB R Ao Fw @ AXo @SAS | A@ا BAUSRUcw mS AS J @Ac | - "qAɮ sZS oH ZS AcAvr cB@v AaU, A@ا cf^S AaU S | ZS f AcS AcAOn UfU OUAaU, A@ا S@U wa ɩ s ~U AIUATU @AaU v AcAvr wgSTxv f ~TAS S |" (ԮAF AA@ة)

jqgcq cf^S J @Ac @ k ZAaUS T@UfS qAɮ@ | AS ~ mS - Av@q A ZAaUS J @cFgcS A̮ @ | qA l, qA ASsɻ ~a J @Ac | ~T mH @ A g̩f˻ ( T AO ިHF f˻) ~ ~TAS ( T gɻw r) @Ac -- sAU ToF g cArf ~ ~^rf empA@ R TAB@ qA T^ Wva | A@ا oH T@UfS qA ST-oT-AS-AZ-WvS ASA cmc J @Ac Sq | @cU s Sq S, gc @Ac OS @ gUR cɮS S AAS | @q AUZ waS kcɻ c^Av cc |

jq TSgA fQH AcS ~T Z q cf^- ceU @Ac OS | qAɮco ~SgcS j@ ~-TkU A@-cU wa jq c @Ac UZ | T AcrsXo OU @U BfcSS^, of^S, ~AT Oncf, T^ ATn @Uq cU@ R A@r | T@UfS BSfA mU an Zc ɮA ~wf S Riq mgAc@ AaU | A@ا mofS-ewT AU, rm Accf ~^US b J FQ S @ SAS | Acer r@ pf R O˻ r@ ~^BɻA@ f @ػ s fc Wɩ-AWɩ - cv kH YT S @UR g ~˻PSA@ AAmA ~cSTS ~ TBFcɰf AScAr@ة BAvU @ػAv J Tv cI AwAaUS | AAr r@ FAc S e@vco ~ FAAcof OS fS - qq J UANo-wO AaU cF@gc | q UANo cf^SR AaU S - jTS S, A@ا @Ac cmc AOn ~Sި @ Amبv @c @\S J@ ~@KH @̩ S | AcAvr TBFc O S@U ɩ ~U AIUATAU A @Ac jJ@ Uq gU Uw J oS | BfcS rK cR jq J AUAZ mf@A |

A@ا T TsXo cf@U @Ac TSq Wv wU AcS | T@U@ J ~S^@U ~cTU Z ha gc US S | T@UfS qA R SfA QTUg R Spre s eWK OUa- U oH TSK oS-BS-BfcS Ac^ @ Ac^ ia AAS | jq AAmA@ AOA S @ AaU S J | J j BS co @AaUS wgfgc | BSco jq TncU @ ~T cf^sw cf @U ceU @Ac@ AOS A A@av |

AA@ @U ASH R ASr jq cH cO cAr Z s OA\Ur r@ | @H TAvq AXf AcrsXo OUa ~^BɻA@ rAAU ToF; FAc OUa jq rN TSK THA^@ ewT ; ~SFA@ g BSfA R rf AAmA cO T^S-Z r@ jq TAv | ԬFAmv-Acof UZ@ Ar\feW- j A (1942), g̩a ~^US (1942), T^^ (1943), wHSvF eW- j A (1944), AXf TsXo ~^ ~HAc@ cT AcmH (1945), TAUT AUw FQ ewT Ac WKH, ɲA@ , SM-Ac, @U@ɩ wHAcQg (1946), gw ~^US (1946-1949), r AXZf@H R mofS (1947), ިSEO ɲA@ , w^fAB TpF (1948) - jq cq WvAaU j@ r@ ToF | @q oF AaU S ̽IS @UAOAU Ta U | cf^S BfAc @U @f @S cU @AiS A@ا ~oAS@ @Ac q @U AO ha^ Zc @S Oq @SAS | AcfQ cU s, qAɮ@ J AcrKgc T-AOA @ Aw Aq OaS @Ac |

" ɦ BS cUcAU SR AT | cAw oS Z SAAr"| (ԴvAZ, n^f) @Ac jq eA ԴSAAr rNAv qf ~˻SfA wv ArS q ~ɻl ~˻PSA@ T^ ʩT clAv@ cI | AcrBɦ q cl@ AcrKgc ASr @c BSFq jq UAv \UZ @aS @Ac |


FAc A sAR WvAaU 1922 U @ sZS TAUAS QT jAaUS qAU, A@ا AcrcFf FAc g̩ @ػ oH TSK R cAXoBfcf s˻gc ~cA AaUS 1933-j sZS AvU BTɻAS j@S@ ~AoA | AAr r@ TAv Acr FAc S @U | mS wH^f @ ީS jce BSU - QT ~Ao@ R Pm̩^f @ A Wv 1936 U; BS TA@ l̩ cU R ~ewAi OfS ~nTH S @ 1937 U @ | q T ceU TB^cɰf AO^gcS A̩ OUa | FAc AcdXo AcAr gkAT@ wH @a TB^cɰ | 1938 U gK TZoF OfS; 1938 ST s @AcAv AUZAaUS q @Ac ɮA BS-Acof AaU jce Ac@gc AaU TBFcɰ jce AScrcɰ-Acof | q @Ac TA @ B mf@p SAS ~Ao@er TA@ n ɰ@ | TBFcɰf AcAvr g Ac̽ - jq gc @AcAv@ AA AAaUS ~S@ | ~S^cB An@- ɰ@ ZS AaUS F^S TBT | ~S^cB An@ ZS AaU m FAAcof gkAT@ | ~S^cB An@ AF p ZS ZS @Ac ~dH ATn | jq @AcAv AScɻOS @ AAS 1938 U r̰f ~S^cB An@ @r @S | OfS; 1938- jq @AcAv A ceU AF SS sw @Ac gK TZoF@ AOS ASUS cCAU i@ | jq @Ac o qU FAcɰf BS ~nTH AA@ @U aAc |

"Bިy@ I بUIA BU FR"| ceU @Ac jq c qA @m @Ac ~Ago ZFɩ ASr ɮ@ gU @ @S Sq | ZUTS, T Y, mofS @UT, BU R wArfU F-TpXo @Ac AAS ~B AUZ waS OA\Ur R ޡr r@ | R J @Ac OS o QfH AS, sAR pb TFc U F A@av er-~@fH AaU Kv r@ OfS-g̩ sXo, g̩f @ATASmv Av AcgBS qFA WvS | @Ac@ ASA OS jce r@U eU @ R cF ASr AXo AaUq S, ce ~S^@U AQ @Ac S AUZ AcrK @U AcrK WvS AQ qA AcAr AUS Acq @Ac AUZ sS gUcɮS AAS | ~T @@Av @Ac ST \UZ @Aa | @Ac (1942) e@US ~^g @AcAU U -NF@ɴv : 1937, BS : 1940, ~wTf : 1942, Sgc : 1941 | gZ ATAaU (1944) @Ac e@US ~^w @AcAU U g̩a : 1942, c : 1943 | ASr @Ac (1951) e@US ~^w @AcAU @A : 1950, Sq ~w : 1947, ceU : 1350 | ~UF (1954) e@US ~a - ArQ@ oTWv : 1954, ArQ@ ATAaU 1953 | @O TSK (1964) e@US @Ac - B^AS : 1360, cSF : 1366, ިc I : 1367 | ~A (1972) e@USg @Ac - ceU, 1964, cSF : 1375 | T wa cSc (1981) w^ ~a- ~qS : 1975 |

Xop AU@ @cU @AcAU ST OZ ZUq sS qAɮ @ cU @ | TFc ~m AaU ASr | j sw OJ U @m- jq ~EOs CAAcAr @AcAvR 1938 U r̰f ~S^cB An@ ~dH ATn AScɻOS @r ~U ZAaU | A@ا TFc Acrɮ J@ j@OQب @ AS | qA ްAO AAS sv s˻gc UANo ~S AaUS v ZS ~S@q SAS | w^fAB ~ gKO^ c T ATU S @UR rcf s rXo J F AaU ZS ~Sgc @ SAS TFcɰf ~S@q | q gU T J A a fW@U o | ASr ɮ A@ا gUAv @SAS | g̩ a ~^US S@ w^fAB@ mH @ AAS g̩ a : 1942 @AcAv AUZAaUS -

O FZ @ة sBS fW ~a ~ɦ~A
      OA\Ur @Av BfcS cAUA
      ~A Tv Z M @
         cAU ~ @ :
      jq cUT T P@ةR
T OH-AOR wU ~Qة |
@AcAv lsT | g̩ a ~^US ^ɰS FQ @ jce ~Sgc @ ASr ɮ jq @Ac w^fAB@ @U McA@ cU coS @aS | c A@ا jq ~^US U-AHT q Tkq mofS ~AS g̩cK | jAaU R JO ca , c ~UOS, @kvSfA, m˻-eQH o r@ v@ @c | q @H r mr @AaU @Ac@ sZS @cUq A@av -haɮ pA @ T wU jq ~UɦS | A@av AcKɰgq @Ac hOH @AaUS - "jq cUT T P@ةR / T OH AOR wU ~Qة |" AcrU r cF A̮ Ar rɮ@ rpUT U S | T P@, jTSA@ w^fAB ~^USR AS jU S AcS | CAAv A@a Ac@ػTkU@ ^ Sq | A@ا AaU q Tq Ac@ػ | q ASA @UZ - 1942 jce q AcAr ~^USAv qAɮ S BSU c@U i@ ~S^@U vgkAT mS @ j @Ac ̮ kH wH @ cS S | @Ac jq T-rɻofS ̮wH cFvq ~a^ @S cf^S |

ASr ~ j@Av @Ac ST c 1943 (gZ-ATAaU(??)) | j@ ɫ ~S sS oAS ha q̩, ~UA۩ @ Ua r TT@^ | @AcAv @cU jq ~Sgcq cF | A@ا @Ac-rK @Ac j@Av A@ ZaS i@ BSF - jq T ToF c g ~ɮ cɮf gKO^ @xim | cCAU rɩ fQ @ @S q rT-f ToF cHf S Sc BSF | @AcAv ST q TA@ WvS@q R a dL |

ASr ~ j@Av @Ac ST ~qS 1975 (T wa cSc, 1981) | mofS g rɮS BdA ~qS BA @U wHA^@ r cFAmofS Qɩf @Ac ~AAT QبNo AUZAaUS jq @Ac -

      av av TSK ~qS
    AUAUިv ~qS
   ~T@ ~p cJo Za :
           ~O mofS
        ~AT @ZSR ~qS gACAS
      ~qSq ~T@ F gCa |
@Ac ArST 1975 U g BdA ~qS qAɮ S BSU @S i@q jq @Ac l-UANo rA@ cS S |

s @Ac cf^BfcS rK r@ ~Acgk AaUS SS sw A@a AcA @cFAO^ AS, J @ػ, OS pA AaU @cU g S - Tw Acr qA A | qAɮTSm ~^BɻA@ةco ~oAS@ @Ac ~SFT PcArF | T AcrsXo Wɩ-AW ToF A J cUF-P@r @vAaU | jq sXo kH ls ZSq J cISAS | A@ا sZSq P@r ~AnT @ J cAAcr TZTAZ US, ZSq cI ASUS s, jq Acr r@f gF QTUgf, TBFcɰf SAS Ac^ | q Acsm pAcf FAc S @ d @ AXf AcrsXo rK R s^ s @U-c - OS TSK Q T-T fc ~ɩA ~Sgc S @ @S AaU S | q ~oAS@ @Ac F@q T@U-OS jce ~^BɻA@ AAmA @ػ Bw AaUS | J ~SgcU@, UANo Bwl jq Z-qAɮ@q BfcS ~S^ Ac^co f@ @ UAaU | AAr @Ac AAr r@ ASA T-mQ-TA @Ac cU TSc-TS ASF-UANo @Acq oS AUZUR J Q OA\Ur r@ - sZS AXf AcrsXo AFq OUa - ZS ~ T@U-ɮfS @ c AS | -@T qhaR @SAS J | j AcK cf^S T @S OS ~AR J AaU S |

AAr @Ac ToF TcAo T, mr R Acr-TB @ػ ~fc Bw TS @Ac AaUS AcG | TFcɰf gco ~@p AaUS cU cmc qAɮ @ػ j@ OS AcrcfQH AAS ~ݫ @AaUS | Aco R AЩ jq @Ac ~^BɻA@ @Ac TSAOnAv @ػR AaUS ~cA | AAS ZAaUS, Acer rN EOɩF @Ac T ASA AO @Ac TA @ A @بAxi S S | AcG ASBR q @بxi co @SAS |

AcG - ~B @Ac ~a sAU @U TA a mQ | ~T ca ASAa ɩ gq O e@US Av Tn ASrS | FAcɰ sZS nTq gfKH ~@ oH @a ZS ceU UZ@-Ar\f-cAXoBfcf j@sw AcdXo @ AXo @SAS | jq AcAo ~R fc U sZS ~SnTH OA g @ Ar ~nTH @US AvU | ZS Acr j@Tn TFcɰf r Agݩ Ar | jq ~nTH WvS mgAc@gcq TT TS U Acr gcɰf TSK @a | AcG jq WvS AS @Ac AUZUS j@c U AZ | ɩ gq O e@US ~^g @Ac ST 22r BS, 1941 | jq ASq ~n^ AaU Ar | @AcAv U gKF AvU-j ST A\UAZ AS | WvSAv@ @cUq -r @ػ ToF ~cXo @ ZSAS AcG | AAS jq ArST @AcAv@ AXf TsXo q WS e@v^ Acr-AAmA@q U oaS -

      BSwHTS ~AoS@ mS kH @ cf |
        S S @ @U@بAU
         ewS : c OfS, dr -
      r r @pKH TB s bU
           MdK
      m˻ cAoG Aa, cSA cAS,
           TTkK ~Am
      BU mU sXo OU, gR Ag
        vU, H ASr,
      @U@ɩ kAHTR Bvݨ Z I
        k r r |
Ai@ j@ ca cFcoS @cU UAv cU A AXf @AcAv AUZUS AcG - ST 22r BS, 1942 | ZS Ar ATnQ ݩ a | ZS EOɰޮH coF a AvU cASf | f @Ac AUZaS -

        ..... OZ Bw ScfS gF,
      ~B H ~A ̽ɽ BS
       TpA@ɮ^S s, TpFfS, sw^ Q
      ASgf@, @AT s | q ~B haA @
       ~TR TpFfS TB @A BwS
      Bc@, AB@, A@ػ, @B@ - R k A^mS
| \UZF s 22r BS ST j@Av AT@ @Ac-ިAm@ @r @AaUS AcG m^gc | Av ɩ gq O- s s | ASA @U-@ @Ac@, Z@U qAɮ@ jq @Ac @ةv dL AS p^q AcKAv@ Z c |

@Ac of^S ^f (1930) @ ̬\Sf (1940) s^ @Ac-w^ @r@U oHgc ASF@U ~Sgc@q @Ac TݮkO@ cɩcH wH @AaUS | A@ا AAS 1940-j ca o ~\ @@Av @Ac AUZUS | AAv @Acq AXf AcrsXo ~cFcA @-@U @ d @ sXo-~A^T Acr-BSfA Acsm vgkAT ~fc ASA aAc wb Z jJ@ AUS AAS | @AcAU e@AU U ec @Ac-w^ 1953 U | ec rN ~˻ U@UfS TW U | jq @Ac-w^Av iS ~ AXf AcrsXo qAɮ i j@q @ ~cArF@ | mS ST, cFA ST, WvS -\UZ jce U \UZ - jq @Ac cqAv@ OA\Ur r@ ~^BɻA@ AAmA j@Av AA@ AUU @ Ua | jq cH T ~gɮ ~crF AaUT n^f (1937) e@US ԴvAZ @Ac ԴSAAr rNAv w |

ec-j AAv @Ac ~a OS@U | q @U ATAU ަ c @Ac | s @AcAU 1938 jce 1939-j T A@ AO AU FAc A WpH ASAQ, A@ا sXo FQ cHS Sq @H sXo ZSR d AS | s @Ac OS@U 1940, AvU R mAUS ToF mQA̩ ~SnTH OA @Ac ~mAm R Acw @Ar | q sw jq OA @ػ j-Bɩf AcdXo ~S@ TSq AaU | ZSR Agݩ Ar AvU-j X ~n^ AS | sXorK kO@ @Ac STq @Ac ZaS 1945 | 1953 U AO @Ac FcS-j BS ~HAc@ cT AcmH AAn c ~m TSK \UZ ~a |

dH s @Ac OA\Ur r@q AUZ d @AaUS @Ac J OS jq SfA-U T-c FQ a @ Zcq FAr | AAr @Acq ce j cF J TSgA@ sw @Uswf @ ASAaUS | OA\Ur @Ac ToF @^ gOs@ AASAo AScɻOS @ s | @U qAɮ U U@-AO J @Acq @ cU ia cO cAr | aɦn @Ac-w^ @@Av @Ac ArST - OwT- 1943, ToFAc 42, vc 46, ԬخU @ 1351 | WT Sq @Ac-w^ @@Av @Ac ArST - U T- @Ac : 1946, j@بr Sgc : 1946, 1941 U, T, 1943 |

U ~B \UZ @^ gOs @Ac | c T AAS SAU ls cFZFR @ SAS | o ASaS i@ @a mq XgA c q T IU@ | OA\Ur r@ AAmA TSq AaU | dr AccL@ ~SK ~vc R Sgc, rAT@ Ac UQ T, g̩ a ~^US Tɮ ~wmv, cf^S B^Tɮ PcrZ - cc W ja J @Ac | ~Sgc ST @^ AAO @AcAv \UZ @ s | @AcAv q ~er Acg | T ~erAv d a -

~c@ pAcf ! ~c@ @U AT !
B^q AZ QبNo mr gkAT !
- jq ~erAv -ArST - 1940 | @Ac AXf ~er ̯

- Ac ~B Ac OAA@,
~AT sq A ASA@ AUZ |
j Ac @ZS AZAS @ش
A@ A@ Ri ~coF b |
jq ~er -ArST 1946 | AXf -ArSTAv 1946 U g U ~T mH @A | ԬFAmvAcof UZ@ R Ar\f eW AA 1942 U; g̩ a ~^USR 1942-j | wHSvF eW AA 1944-j | SMAc, Ar ~AU Ac, AcAg^ oS oTWv - vT @ɲAS, @ R Acgw, @U - c 1944 @ 1946- j ToF | gw ~^US knɩ 1946- j - Ac ~B Ac OAA@ |

AcAr j@-j@Av AZ@R sS f@L AaS @^ J @S @S @Ac | j@Av p^ - "@ZS ɩ @J Ri Zc A : cqr rcH, cqr BS" |

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cf^S : wH cBS - Sgc 2007 c |

cɮ, BUq, 2007

(THswF AAj emH)

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©2007 Parabaas