mH : gK TZoF (1919-2003)

TABl







gK TZoF TpF ceU @cFBw j@Av AcrK ~oF T U | 1940-U sZS J @cFw^ ްA@ @Ar ZS cf^S BfAc, BfcSS^ J @cFBfcS ToFwwS A@ ~w haS | jq T dH @Ac gK TZoF ceU @Ac j@Av SS qAT esBS @US ްA@-j ToFT | ްA@ ްOH q s ̨, fW a r@ ~Ao@ ~An^ sc ~B T |

Zc c gKq T @Ac AsAS T @Ac AUZ @cFBfcS d @SAS | oH P@r R sMcS T R AcrK T-cF˻ @ @Ac UZ ~SH ~S@ @Acq Ug @S | j@Tn gK TZoF R @^ gOs ~Acgc U ~AcmHf @AcAU oHgc BfcSewT c^f, AcrKgc T ATUSAc c^f S, oH ~˻ TFAxv@R S | gK s @^ @Ac ަ-Tnq ToF ~TSF Ag Z AaUS, q mgAc@ |

@^ Tn Acr ca ~Am BfcSsS @, @@Av ~AcmHf CA cCAU@ S @ q OA\Ur r@q ~@U ɩ US | ~SFA@ cCAU T MgwF, @^ AAO R ~wBAT @Ac gK TZoF fW BfcS o ~B @Ac cCAUBfcS@ TpXo @US | @^ @ \UZ @Aa, @H J ~@UH ceU @Ac s oAv ASAEO s , gK @Ac BfAc R Bfc^ @ wa | j@ ~˻ gK @Ac @^ THɫ BfcSUg @aS |

ްA@ (T @r
1940, @Ac gcS)
gK T ~Acgc s @v @AiS AaU cI U q kckf T@Ac @cFpA@ mH @ BS | cf^S o @Ac Ac S, wfA@ AcR cCAU TTSm@ @r @aS c r@ o ; 1930-j r@ ToF J @cF R f TFAxv@ Av kH Ug @ AA s ; cCAU gc cF@ | ~SFA@, BfcSS^ 1920- r@ rKer @ @Ac @r @ d @ Tgc^ @Ac j@Av SS PrUf wiS @ QT S | T A@@ @Ac AAS Am SS AU @c c A / ~JA@c OcS c m@pG ШOkH cFA˩ @U T FA@U rNc^ R CA cFc @ T ~SgkA@ @r @aS | ~crF J T @Ac PrUfR AcA s, jv FA@U S-@R J j@ ASBm PrUf AH | BfcSS^ J Or BSBfcS @i ewT R SS@T ~Am̩ AS TS @Ac OS @ waS ; ZS T ~SAmϩ, sAR Ae R Ae ~AT @ZS Amϩ, sAR ~Ao@erq 1940-j @Ar | q 1930-j r@ J TFAxv@ gc s ~A wgf R kAcmf AaU Bq cI s ; jTS A@ rA OoFR ޡr r@ jq gc @ T SAS |

A@ا gK TZoF @imAv, @SgAAv, AaU m^ | T @q @F ceU J oS ~cUcS, j@c PSA^S BfcS gK c @a@Aa @S PrUf s ~M @Ac OS c, BfcS rK cf^S cIAaUS, cR il Z T @Ac j gK cFc @ Aw hOH@ A@av Uc @c BS @UT, AUT, cUUT, OUUT qFA rN cFc @S | PSA^S @F gK@ J @Ac Q A@av c^Ψ c @@ػr TS | BfcS rK U @Ac R wS AAS J AOOA̩ lT rNcU FA@U PrUfq ~r ASAaUS | ~SFA@ BfcSS^R @F gK cFc @AaUS, c oS 1940-j | TA@ AAS J @Ac o wF AnްR cFc @S ~B | gK 1930-j r@ J c:A^@U ~AcA @ @f s cf^S R BfcSS^ gc ~S@v jA ASBm j@Av @SPrUf wiS @ QT US, gc wU Acm c@ | j @B s B AaU S cI s jAv UQ @R s @Ac @FgK cFc J Twnf @Ac J R @Tq A aS |

gK PrUf j@Av AcrK H ~crFq, jce ~coA̩ gcq, J BcoF | BfcSS^-cf ~ @S T A @Acq co @Ac coF@ A @c cF gK T f SAS | coF ToFT, R @@A\ީ rNc^ cFc @ i@-Ai@ ~cowTF R ~ک J OZ ~CU A AZ A j@ @ kQ R ha^ gfA rS ToFT J gT ~ɰ @ SR s ScFwMf fA ceU @Ac Bw Acer rNf AA R cXoTkU a, gK ccq Acf o @cFpA @aS | |



@Ac cU oH ~T cAI j@ ͰɮFcH TSK - A@av AcKu R :ZAcUɮf ; @\S j@v ~ha^ @ sS AW @ c | A@ا gK @Ac AaU ~SF@T - q 1940-j r@ @q AAS ewT @Ac, PSA^S ~UOA̩ @Ac, oH TSK ~vM Z:Z @Ac ; @AiS cmc J AO^ | J @Ac TS AAS sS TSwf OU OU AUZaS, vcB TSK @UU ToFR sS J B ~O wgf hOH oAS ha | cf^S AUZaS, ԮB @ AUZ ~T @ s ? B @ s S UZ B | gK B @ B AUZ S, J ~S@ @Acq ceU @cFBw BT ; ~O ~A wgf - il @@Av ~ɩ U CA ToF ~AmبAU T BAU Ri @S ~TW F |

gK @Ac s ceU @cF j@Av AScU U kAO AaU @H ~S^S B S ; c A@a ~eAr@ ~U@ɩ @ s : @F gK @Ac OS @U gc hO@Av mr @ S jq TT j@Av Acrɮ 1930-j r@ s^ UAU jAaU : @Ac gK A@av lT rNcU c, A@ec a^ BS ToF jTS @ةAU @H @c s @ PSA^S @F gK @ JO AA @c - jq AaU OAU Acrɮ | A@ا T AcrsXo @ pAcf j ASTT R @i oH @ s @cF ~w@ q FA@U Amo R T ~S@q swswf cU mf@ @ AS ~mf@p S | AXf AcrsXo d R TSK jq A gcSco Aĩ , @^ gOs UZS q ~AcmHf @Ac -

TBfcS, ~ j-@cF S
jc @AiS @i wF ~S |
ްUAUF-I Ta s@,
wF @ئ ɩA@ ~B S |
BS Sq @Ac Amo --
@Ac, T AUT ~B@ aAv,
Qبo BF pAcf wFT :
kAHT-OJ sS IUS dAv |
jq @Ac@ gK @cFBfcS TFASmv cU s | AAS @Ac@ aAv S AR @ wFoTf @ QT AaUS q OA\Ur r@ @q ; wFT j@ pAcf cɮ @ AAS wFmrf @cFPrUf wiS @ O AaUS ; sZS J @Ac ~^FATU ~a (H : mc) ZSR rf cAU wF T B R iT | j LLR @p ~˻q @Ac - jqZSq @Ac gK B | jq SS PrUf @ cCAU TS j@Av mf ~ɮS ~Ao@ @ BSF s wgf ~LAcr BS, J AaU |



  
wf c^FoF R PB ~T PB-j BAB;
jce c^Ψ T^ TZoF


T @Ac AUZ AAS ~L@r @SAS ; j cF ~crFq AAS cFAnTf @Ac ; c UQHf jR, s ASw TR AcrK ~AS J T sMcS @Ac | T R @pA - jq qAv AcK @Ac AcrK S AUZR @f @ AAS i@خTB Tɰp US ? ~\ @ j-r R B S ; c j@ ~crFq cU c s AAS Acer rNf cCAU BSBfcS R TSA@ BfcS@ gU cIS | BfcSewT R oH TSK TS ~Agwɩ J @Ac@ ccq ~UA۩ @ ja | T c ASw FQgc ~S@ Qnq cFATSK AO^@ ~ha^ c gAc @ S ; SS AAmA mpA, oH @@S R AcAg^ cFcA@ ZAO^ TSK TS AASݩ jTSgc sR-~ɮ @, s@ @r @ wU wFoTf @FgKq s ; T c @pA@ AS @Ac AUZU ~Ao@ Uc BS | gK J PrUf Q s AcKq @Ac AUZS ; ~c AcKswf j@Av PrUf AAS wiS @ ASAaUS | J jq cAU TMAU@ةq i@ mr @AaU, J@ j@ gcrUf @Ac ~ɮS AA @AaU |



jc gK @@Av @Ac ~erAcrK AS ~UOS @ s@ | J c @Acq cAi R BSA ; c^ fAT A̮ ~\ @@Av ~UOSq c |

~wq cUAa, J @Ac BcoF \UZswF ; "IU IU" @Ac AAS AUZaS :

"... ~T s c^Ψ pAcf@ cU cUAaU
L q S
jZS ASBq ASB cU Ua | ... "
jAv j@Av Uc@F, p hOH, A@ا jAv @@S ToFR @Ac @ZS cU @cS, jTS ~STS c @\S @ s | UQHf, TMAZ@ gK@ AcrK AcS S-@q jZS @Ac cFc @aS AAS | Acer r@ ~ c cCAU @Ac jq CAAv@ j B AUZc @ i S S, J c jAv@ ~ A@av m, ha^ R cFST @ OqS | ~mĩ, ~@H FTݩ, rNc^ cFc R qha@p coF ceU @Ac i@Ai@ AAO ; @ش @ش jqAU A ~@p q @Aci @ @S | gK jq o cq ~cmS @aS ; CA T ~ ~B H Xop @ s |

" S" @AcAv jTSq, s 1900 c 1920 U SwɰR Av@ ~S@q @Ac cU TSq OqS S | cf^S jAv ަU c Ac̽q S | T @@Av an :

"@Ac Oq ? T @cS,
S |
@UTv Ai@ @U S
@AcR S
J Ai@ TS |
S | ..."
c jq @@SoTf gKR gK UZSf @p @Ac ia | j @AcAv ~cpA swf S, ަc swf ; jAv ަU @AU oHL R @Ac mgcAXo ~qAS c c AO^ A ~ | oHL jq s B @r, jq s ~SAcU cAXofA, j ToFq @R ~oHL ASA a | "@UTv Ai@ @U S " jq rNha gK aɦ ~SF @S @Ac co AUZ S S, c AUZ OqS S |


"j@Av @Ac BSF"- AAS AUZaS :

"j@Av @Ac UZ c | BSF
U U jJ@ @
~Sw j@AS ,
TpFg@ JA Uv@ A
ATAaU jw
~@r-cɩɮ TZA̩ wS,
wBS
SZ޻H ~J@
SS pAcf, ~B TZ, fTfS gUcɮ |
j@Av @Ac UZ BSF |"
SwBfcS Ai@ jvq Bfc^ o A gK @UT | ATAaU AcrK lskH J @Ac | TS , sZS sɰcި AcrAcFU ަ۩T, an qASS S j gKH c T ~T cUS s jAUAv@FU R c S, cq@q AUAv@FU c ; j- j@ S gK CA Xop @ cUAaUS , " ATAaU sc S cU @a oS@gC H, ~ɮU ATAaUq ~a - Rq s, s ATAaU sc S R j@v ATAaU ....!" qFA |

SwBfcS AcްߨU J @Ac ja, ~AcmHfgc ; @S jU S @Ac ASTT AHA c c i@ TS@ ~UA۩ @a, AcrK UQHf | jAv gK cUAi @AcAU ToF ~SFT |

c SmvUABR s ~AS J @Ac ~crFq S | skq sq @AcAv kH Xop @A :

~AT s kq sq
~T s
b TUwJ
j@ Sf ST -
~AT s kq sq |
~T OZ ɩ Uw @
AS@S iS
A A
      UQf
~AT s kq sq |"


jTS U, TAB ~O TTmrf PrUf ceU @Ac AcU |

A@ا gK @Ac ~UOS cec b R ASTT cmcq A :

"بU@ A
      TSK c cAr ATF cU
                cUq
بU R @SR ASq ~T
           vS Sq |
O ~T a^
~S بUA@
s A @SR AS @R
      TZr S |"
TB AS J AcrK OS ~crFq AaU, AcmA̩ ~UOS BS ~a ; c jZS o j@AvTn ɮA@ @Acerq p @UT :
"~AT Z jAa Sf Wɦ o
~ɰ @ ha AcFl |
gU @ |
@U Pf ha c c U qAS |
Zc gU |
Tr TAa cW A
qm r ca
~T AFq Zrf Aha |
A@ا Tvq Zrf Aha S sZS ZAa -
s ɩ ~a @B Sq
s @B ~a gɩ Sq
~ s gɩ ~a ɩ Sq |"

sXopcr @AcBfcS J cr :
"g, sA cU ~T@ B Uq @S AXdA @c S, Sc f oS@ | jTAS c@ ; TpF@ g @A ɦq ; S-OUU, OUc T @ئ Oc@ |"
~LAO S AAS AUZaS :
"~T@ @ش @Ac cU@
~AT Oq S |
@Jo @Jo UAw
BfcS rK AS s^
sS ~AT Jv sq
~AT sS ~T @UTv
vv r
SAT Z cU A -
jq ~T aAv
gq, ~T@ j@v ~S R |"

gK TZoF cFAw BfcSOHR AaU cr cFAnTf | @S wɤf pK@ة TZQf S q AAS cc AUZq BfAc@ ~BS @aS | cmvU UZ@ AaUS S @SASq A@av ~haUq BfcS @va J | ~O jq ~AoH BfcSPrUf J AUZSPrUf @ sS ATU AaU ; j@Av@ ~SFAv @ p@ @ Zc Sq | J wFR cFAnTf ; mgcAXo ~qAS ZSR AcFTS | cQnq J j@ cAU ASBm AaU ; q B fW a r@ ~Ao@ UZUAZ @ QT US | j fW@U scl Zc @T cCAU @Acq An @ aS | qSf^S s-Tm @Ac coF R ~r AS cCAU TS mf ~ɮS ~Ao@ @ O, gK TZoF BfcS R pA@T @ J AcrK A@a ArQwH c R BSf | fWݨ jq @Ac @AcR fWݨ c ; ~B @ c c^ R بU بv@ c S بv@ cCAU@ J @Ac cec ަq c | ްA@ @Ac qA^wF BfcS OU rK UR cCAU pAcf J pA@T AcB@ة ~cFq qU |

(UZ@ ~^BU R mpA @ A@a A@a XopA ew @aS; gU-nAv TBSf)




A@ ~UZ\U (2003, Ac@\)


ɰ-@U AmAOnAU gK TZoF @Ac ew (1T Z; B, 1993) @ SR a





jq UZ ~S @TS UwU ?




© 2003, Parabaas, Inc.